"If the enemy thinks of the mountains, attack like the sea; and if he thinks of the sea, attack like the mountains"
--Miyamoto Musashi (1584-1645)
- In 1814-1816, with the Napoleonic Wars over, the Royal Navy went from over 180 ships-of-the-line in commisison to just 33, plus another 70 in reserve.
- On the eve of World War I 5.5 million of France’s 40 million people were in the army or one of its reserve components.
- Between 1858, when the French laid down Gloire, the first seagoing ironclad warship, and 1922, when the naval disarmament treaties halted construction for more than a decade, there was only one year in which not a single armored line-of-battleship was laid down, 1887.
- At Aranjuez, Spain, in 1812, the newly arrived troopers of the 2nd Hussars, King’s German Legion, seeing their old friends of the 13th Light Dragoons, gave a mighty cheer, which stampeded the horses of the British regiment, some of whom strayed as far as 20 miles before they were recovered.
- Between February and June of 1918, German saboteurs in the U.S. inflicted some $2.2 million in damages, notable in fires at warehouses and rail yards in Baltimore and Kansas City.
- In 1845 the U.S. Navy proposed converting “Old Ironsides” into a paddle steamer.
- So seriously did he take his role as head of Ohio's military forces during the Civil War that Gov. David Tod was regularly signed official correspondence "Governor and Commander-in-Chief."
- King Louis XVIII of France (r., 1815-1824) – known as “Louis the Unavoidable”—established a naval academy, at Angouleme, which lies over 100 miles from the sea!