CIC 476
CIC 475
CIC 474
CIC 473
CIC 472
CIC 471
CIC 470
CIC 469
CIC 468
CIC 467
CIC 466
CIC 465
CIC 464
CIC 463
CIC 462
CIC 461
CIC 460
CIC 459
CIC 458
CIC 457
CIC 456
CIC 455
CIC 454
CIC 453
CIC 452
CIC 451
CIC 450
CIC 449
CIC 448
CIC 447
CIC 446
CIC 445
CIC 444
CIC 443
CIC 442
CIC 441
CIC 440
CIC 439
CIC 438
CIC 437
CIC 436
CIC 435
CIC 434
CIC 433
CIC 432
CIC 431
CIC 430
CIC 429
CIC 428
CIC 427
CIC 426
CIC 425
CIC 424
CIC 423
CIC 422
CIC 421
CIC 420
CIC 419
CIC 418
CIC 417
CIC 416
CIC 415
CIC 414
CIC 413
CIC 412
CIC 411
CIC 410
CIC 409
CIC 408
CIC 407
CIC 406
CIC 405
CIC 404
CIC 403
CIC 402
CIC 401
CIC 400
CIC 399
CIC 398
CIC 397
CIC 396
CIC 395
CIC 394
CIC 393
CIC 392
CIC 391
CIC 390
CIC 389
CIC 388
CIC 387
CIC 386
CIC 385
CIC 384
CIC 383
CIC 382
CIC 381
CIC 380
CIC 379
CIC 378
CIC 377
CIC 375
CIC 374
CIC 373
CIC 372
CIC 371
CIC 370
CIC 369
CIC 368
CIC 367
CIC 366
CIC 365
CIC 364
CIC 363
CIC 362
CIC 361
CIC 360
CIC 359
CIC 358
CIC 357
CIC 356
CIC 355
CIC 354
CIC 353
CIC 352
CIC 351
CIC 350
CIC 349
CIC 348
CIC 347
CIC 346
CIC 345
CIC 344
CIC 343
CIC 342
CIC 341
CIC 340
CIC 339
CIC 338
CIC 337
CIC 336
CIC 335
CIC 334
CIC 333
CIC 332
CIC 331
CIC 330
CIC 329
CIC 328
CIC 327
CIC 326
CIC 325
CIC 324
CIC 323
CIC 322
CIC 321
CIC 320
CIC 319
CIC 318
CIC 317
CIC 316
CIC 315
CIC 314
CIC 313
CIC 312
CIC 311
CIC 310
CIC 309
CIC 308
CIC 307
CIC 306
CIC 305
CIC 304
CIC 303
CIC 302
CIC 301
CIC 300
CIC 299
CIC 298
CIC 297
CIC 296
CIC 295
CIC 294
CIC 293
CIC 292
CIC 291
CIC 290
CIC 289
CIC 288
CIC 287
CIC 286
CIC 285
CIC 284
CIC 283
CIC 282
CIC 281
CIC 280
CIC 279
CIC 278
CIC 277
CIC 276
CIC 275
CIC 274
CIC 273
CIC 272
CIC 271
CIC 270
CIC 269
CIC 268
CIC 267
CIC 266
CIC 265
CIC 264
CIC 263
CIC 262
CIC 261
CIC 260
CIC 259
CIC 258
CIC 257
CIC 256
CIC 255
CIC 254
CIC 253
CIC 252
CIC 251
CIC 250
CIC 249
CIC 248
CIC 247
CIC 246
CIC 245
CIC 244
CIC 243
CIC 242
CIC 241
CIC 240
CIC 239
CIC 238
CIC 237
CIC 236
CIC 235
CIC 234
CIC 233
CIC 232
CIC 231
CIC 230
CIC 229
CIC 228
CIC 227
CIC 226
CIC 225
CIC 224
CIC 223
CIC 222
CIC 221
CIC 220
CIC 219
CIC 218
CIC 217
CIC 216
CIC 215
CIC 214
CIC 213
CIC 212
CIC 211
CIC 210
CIC 209
CIC 208
CIC 207
CIC 206
CIC 205
CIC 204
CIC 203
CIC 202
CIC 201
CIC 200
CIC 199
CIC 198
CIC 197
CIC 196
CIC 195
CIC 194
CIC 193
CIC 192
CIC 191
CIC 190
CIC 189
CIC 188
CIC 187
CIC 186
CIC 185
CIC 184
CIC 183
CIC 182
CIC 181
CIC 180
CIC 179
CIC 178
CIC 177
CIC 176
CIC 175
CIC 174
CIC 173
CIC 172
CIC 171
CIC 170
CIC 169
CIC 168
CIC 167
CIC 166
CIC 165
CIC 164
CIC 163
CIC 162
CIC 161
CIC 160
CIC 159
CIC 158
CIC 157
CIC 156
CIC 155
CIC 154
CIC 153
CIC 152
CIC 151
CIC 150
CIC 149
CIC 148
CIC 147
CIC 146
CIC 145
CIC 144
CIC 143
CIC 142
CIC 141
CIC 140
CIC 139
CIC 138
CIC 137
CIC 136
CIC 135
CIC 134
CIC 133
CIC 132
CIC 131
CIC 130
CIC 129
CIC 128
CIC 127
CIC 126
CIC 125
CIC 124
CIC 123
CIC 122
CIC 121
CIC 120
CIC 119
CIC 118
CIC 117
CIC 116
CIC 115
CIC 114
CIC 113
CIC 112
CIC 111
CIC 110
CIC 109
CIC 108
CIC 107
CIC 106
CIC 105
CIC 104
CIC 103
CIC 102
CIC 101
CIC 100
CIC 99
CIC 98
CIC 97
CIC 96
CIC 95
CIC 94
CIC 93
CIC 92
CIC 91
CIC 90
CIC 89
CIC 88
CIC 87
CIC 86
CIC 85
CIC 84
CIC 83
CIC 82
CIC 81
CIC 80
CIC 79
CIC 78
CIC 77
CIC 76
CIC 75
CIC 74
CIC 73
CIC 72
CIC 71
CIC 70
CIC 69
CIC 68
CIC 67
CIC 66
CIC 65
CIC 64
CIC 63
CIC 62
CIC 61
CIC 60
CIC 59
CIC 58
CIC 57
CIC 56
CIC 55
CIC 54
CIC 53
CIC 52
CIC 51
CIC 50
CIC 49
CIC 48
CIC 47
CIC 46
CIC 45
CIC 44
CIC 43
CIC 42
CIC 41
CIC 40
CIC 39
CIC 38
CIC 37
CIC 36
CIC 35
CIC 34
CIC 33
CIC 32
CIC 31
CIC 30
CIC 29
CIC 28
CIC 27
CIC 26
CIC 25
CIC 24
CIC 23
CIC 22
CIC 21
CIC 20
CIC 19
CIC 18
CIC 17
CIC 16
CIC 15
CIC 14
CIC 13
CIC 12
CIC 11
CIC 10
CIC 9
CIC 8
CIC 7
CIC 6
CIC 5
CIC 4
CIC 3
CIC 2
CIC 1

Short Rounds
The Moyamensing Street Killers
During the 1830s and 1840s many "Native Americans” (i.e., whites of AngloSaxon descent and Protestant faith), became concerned for the future of the nation, given that the bulk of new immigrants were largely Irish and German, and many of them Catholics. In many urban areas, this resulted in the formation of street gangs that supported politicians favoring nativist causes. In several cities these gangs – which often included mature men and even "pillars of the community" – engaged in patriotic activities such as burning Catholic churches and convents or rampaging through immigrant neighborhoods. Naturally, this sparked a response from the newcomers, particularly the Irish, who formed gangs of their own, so that at clashes between the nativists and the immigrants were common. These gangs often adopted colorful names such as "Plug Uglies," a name derived from the nickname given certain hoodlums employed by volunteer fire companies. One such gang was Philadelphia's Moyamensing Street Killers, notorious for their riotous behavior. Of course, as good patriots, they were willing to answer the call if Uncle Sam should get into a war. Thus, when the MexicanAmerican War broke out, the entire gang volunteered en masse.
The men formed a company which they called “The City Guard,” which was mustered into the service as Company D of the 1st Pennsylvania. Of course, they never actually referred to themselves as anything but the “Moyamensing Street Killers,” usually abbreviated to just “The Killers.” They were a very rowdy bunch. Temporarily stationed at Pittsburgh while awaiting movement down the Ohio, they engaged in such socially redeeming activities as street brawls with local toughs, in which they generally came off victorious. On one occasion they forced their way into a theater and broke up the performance. Such behavior naturally led several times to clashes with the police, in which the Killers were not always successful, so that some members ended up as guests of the city. When the regiment reached to New Orleans, the Killers continued their nefarious activities, waylaying passersby in the streets, looting some homes and shops, and engaging in riots with volunteers from other states, all in fun, of course. The local gendarmes proved even tougher than the Pittsburg variety, and most of the company actually ended up in jail at one point. Upon their release, the company commander seems to have attempted to impose some discipline, to which the men responded by promptly forcing him to resign by the simple expedient of threatening to kill him.
When they finally did get to northern Mexico, where they served on occupation duty, the Killers fully lived up to their reputation. One of them – a lapsed Irish Catholic named John O’Brien – robbed a priest, taking even his gold crucifix. Apprehended and tried before a court martial, O’Brien was provided with several often contradictory alibis by his mates and got off. A comrade who had attempted to rape a Mexican woman was not so lucky and was hanged.
Discharged at the end of the war, the “Killers” made their rowdy way back to Philadelphia, where they resumed terrorizing their neighbors. Their contribution to the war effort was virtually nil.
The French Army Ration, Morocco, 1908
The French Army in Morocco during the early twentieth century developed an interesting approach to issuing rations to the troops. As was the case in most colonial enterprises, the army was composed partially of French troops and partially of Moroccans. In most colonial ventures, European armies adopted different ration scales for their “metropolitan” and their “native” troops. Not so the French in Morocco. In fact, there was virtually no difference between the rations issued French troops and those provided to Moroccans. 
Per Capita Ration Issue 
Cycle 
Item

Allotment 
Daily


Bread 
750 gr.


Beef or mutton 
400 

Coffee 
21 

Sugar 
16 

Wine 
½ liter * 

Pocket money

5 centimes 
Weekly


Wood 
400 gr. 

Charcoal 
400 

Company fund 
20 centimes

* NonMoslem troops only. 
Ration calculations were per soldier, but divided into daily and weekly issues, which were actually made to the company. The normal procedure was that the company commissary sergeant drew the rations, and then issued them as appropriate to the troops, who actually prepared their own rations in small mess groups.
The ration was designed to be efficient, to save money and to prevent cultural problems. In fact, it was “culturally neutral.” This went beyond not issuing wine to Moslem troops. Most European armies of the day issued pork as often – or more often – as they issued beef or mutton. By omitting pork completely from the standard issue, the French avoided the problem of having to worry about which troops got what rations. This was also reflected in the “company fund.” The money was provided to the troops to buy condiments, vegetables, seasonings, and other items that their particular cultural culinary preferences dictated; so French troops might indulge in a little cheese from time to time or Moroccans a little chili.
Chiefs vs. Indians
Generally, even in major countries, a smaller army has a higher ratio of officers to enlisted soldiers than a larger army. Smaller armies are usually peacetime armies, and the surplus of officers provides a cadre for wartime expansion. Of course, especially in countries under authoritarian rule, the army is less of a national asset than a tool of the dictator. In such cases, the Supreme Guide often finds it useful to provide jobs for loyal supporters or their offspring in the officer corps. In such armies, the ratio of officers to enlisted soldiers is often wildly skewed.
One of the “best” examples of this is the Guatemalan Army in 1917.
At the time, Guatemala was being run by Manuel José Estrada Cabrera, who had assumed the presidency in 1898, on the assassination of his predecessor. Early in his “administration” Estrada had been faced with an extensive rebellion, but he had managed to put it down with assistance from fellowdictator, Porfirio Diaz of Mexico. By 1917, Guatemala was firmly under his thumb, and the active army numbered no more than 6,136 officers and enlisted personnel. This was sufficient to maintain control of the country’s 1.5 million people, roughly one soldier for every 250 citizens. Given that the principal threats to national security were internal unrest – unlikely after the supression of the 1906 rebellion – or an attack by one of Guatemala’s equally small neighbors, a balanced force of that size would have provided a valuable asset in the event of mobilization. This was, however, not a “balanced force.”
In 1917 Guatemalan Army had on active duty,
4935  Enlisted Soldiers 
358  Enlisted Musicians 
649  Company and Field Grade Officers 
17  Brigadier Generals 
10  Major Generals 
There were approximately eight enlisted personnel for every officer in the army. And there were 220 field and company grade officers and enlisted men in the army for every general. If the reserves were called up, the situation did get a little better; the army grew to about 35,000 men, including 26 brigadier generals and 12 major generals, which meant that there were approximately 920 officers and enlisted men for every general, still a rather unbalanced ratio, but actually better than what the French Army had during the Waterloo Campaign, about 700 for every general.
By the way, in 1920 Estrada’s little army proved insufficient. Inspired by the success of the Mexican Revolution, widespread protests agains Estrada’s aurhoritarian ways led to massive public demonstrations, and he chose to flee the country.

