The Spanish Air Force recently accepted for service its first female
fighter pilot. Lieutenant Rosa María García-Malea López will be flying an F-18.
Before 1993, the majority of female combat pilots were those who flew for the
Russian air force during World War II. Russia had thousands of women flying
warplanes back then, and several of them became aces. Most of the women flew
combat support aircraft, partly because many of the warplanes back then did not
have power-assisted controls, and required a lot of physical strength,
especially in combat. But where this was not a factor, many of the Russian
female pilots demonstrated a talent for winning air-to-air battles.
Russia stopped using female pilots when the war was
over. The same thing had happened during World War I, when the few female
pilots were dismissed once the fighting was over. This did not change until the
1970s, and since then many nations, even Moslem ones, have used female military
pilots. Israel accepted its first female fighter pilot in 2001, after allowing
women to be military flight instructors for years.
After World War II, American researchers did a lot
of work to determine what personal characteristics were responsible for some
pilots being exceptionally effective ("aces"), while most were not. In the
course of this research, it was discovered, as some researchers suspected (no
doubt in light of the Russian experience) that many women were potential aces.
In due time, it was discovered that, if the same training standards were
applied to male and female pilot trainees, the superior female pilots would
emerge. There were some problems in the United States initially, where
political pressure to get more women into fighter cockpits led to some
unqualified women pilots getting killed
or injured when their skills were not up to the task. Flying military aircraft
is unforgiving, and generally intolerant of incompetence. All the more reason
to identify your potential aces, male or female, and get them into your