585BC a solar eclipse (which had been predicted by Thales) ended the Battle of the Hylas between King Cyaxerxes of Media and King Alyattes of Lydia
0    Feast of St. Bernard of Menthon, Patron of Travelers
0    Armed Forces Day in Croatia and the "Day of Greatness" in Pakistan, celebrating the country's nuclear weapons
640    Consecration of Pope Severinus, though elected in 638, d. Aug 2, 640
861    The Vikings sack and burn Paris
1156    Naval Battle of Brindisi: William II's Norman-Sicilians defeat the Byzantines
1349    Anti-Semitic outbreak at Breslau, 60 die
1358    Saint-Leu starts France's "Jacquerie" peasant uprising
1731    The Papal States order confiscation of all Hebrew books
1754    in a skirmish near Ft. Duquesne George Washington defeated a small Franco-Indian force -- Learn More
1774    First Continental Congress convenes
1813    Second Battle of Sackett's Harbor: Americans defeat a British attack from across Lake Onario
1813    USS 'Essex' and prize capture 5 British whalers in the Pacific
1830    Congress authorizes Indian removal from the Eastern states
1849    Spanish troops land at Gaeta, to campaign against the Roman Republic
1860    Henry B. Hallowell enlisted in the Marine Corps -- Learn More
1900    Britain annexes the Orange Free State
1910    Austrian Army Lt. Adolf Hofrichter received a death sentence for using poison to speed up promotions -- Learn More
1917    Tenth Battle of the Isonzo ends (from May 12)
1926    Portugal: Military coup by Gen Manuel Gomes da Costa initiates nearly 40 years of right-wing dictatorial rule
1937    Neville Chamberlain becomes PM of Great Britain, to May 1940
1940    King Leopold III surrenders Belgium to the Germans
1940    Norway: Anglo-French forces capture Narvik
1945    Okinawa: c. 100 kamikaze raid Allied fleet, inflicting considerable damage but sinking only one destroyer
1954    USAF Maj. Arthur Murray takes the Bell 'X-1A' to 90,440 feet
1961    The American Republican Army (membership 2) blows up communications facilities in Nevada and Utah.
1967    Sir Francis Chichester completes the first one stop single-handed circumnavigation of the globe, at Plymouth, and is knighted by Queen Elizabeth II, with sword used by Elizabeth I to knight Francis Drake after his round-the-world voyage
1971    USSR 'Mars 3' launched, first spacecraft to make a soft landing on Mars
1974    Neo-Fascist terror bombing in Brescia, 6 die
1980    First 55 women graduate from the U.S. Naval Academy
1987    German Mathias Rust, 19, lands a light plane in Red Square
1991    Ethiopian rebels seize Addis Ababa

970BC King Solomon of Israel (971-931 BC) [Trad]
1369    Muzio Attendolo Sforza, Condottiero, drowned 1424 -- Learn More
1371    John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy (1404-1419)
1524    Ottoman Sultan Selim II "the Drunkard" or "the Blond" (1566-1574)
1577    Count Floris II van Pallandt of Culemborg, d. 1598
1660    King George I of England (1714-27)
1759    William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (1783-1801, 1804-06), d. 1806
1818    Pierre Gustave Toutant Beauregard, General, C.S.A., d. 1893
1819    William Birney, Brig Gen, U.S. d. 1907
1828    Alpheus Baker, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1891
1830    George Lucas Hartsuff, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1874
1838    Basil Wilson Duke, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1916
1908    Ian Fleming, British spymaster, author ("James Bond"), d. 1964

1259    King Christopher I of Denmark (1252-1259), at c. 40
1357    King Afonso IV of Portugal (1325-57), at 66
1509    Caterina Sforza Riario de'Medici, 46, Countess of Forli, warrior, daughter, wife, and mother of warriors, foe of Cesare Borgia -- Learn More
1644    Antonio Maria Marescotti, Patrician of Bologna, assassinated.
1827    William M. James, British naval historian, c. 47 -- Learn More
1940    Prince Frederick Charles von Hesse, 72, German officer, titular Landgrave of Hesse (1925-1940), King-Elect of Finland (Oct 9-Dec 14, 1918)
1971    Audie Murphy, America's "Most decorated soldier" of WW II, actor ("To Hell and Back"), at 45 in an air accident
1972    Edward, Duke of Windsor (1936-1972), at 77, sometime King Edward VIII of the United Kingdom (Jan 20-Dec 11, 1936), usless human being
2013    Victor Kulikov, 91, the last Marshal of the Soviet Union, who soldiered from 1939 to 1990