0    Feast of St. Quirinus of Neuss, Patron of Knights, Soldiers, and Cavalrymen
430    Battle of Mold: St. Germanus defeats the Picts and Saxons
988    Boudouin/Baldwin IV "the Bearded" becomes Count of Flanders (988-1037),
1191    King Philip II of France sails from Sicily for the Holy Land (3rd Crusade)
1282    "Sicilian Vespers" begin: Palermitans massacre French occupiers, initiating a successful war to transfer the island to the Catalans
1296    Battle of Berwick: King Edward I defeats Sir William Douglas & the Scottish Nobles
1533    Henry VIII divorces his 1st wife, Catherine of Aragon
1603    Battle of Mellifont: English defeat the Irish
1639    Massacre of Aberdeen: Montrose's Scots Covenanters slaughter the Royalists
1814    Battle of Clichy: Austro-Russo-Prussians defeat the French
1844    Battle of Santiago de los Caballeros: Dominicans defeat the Haitians
1856    Triumphal reception at Paris for Napoleon III to welcome the French Army returning from the Crimea.
1863    Pr Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg becomes King George I of Greece (1863-1913)
1942    SS murders 200 inmates of Trawniki labor camp
1944    TF 58 begins raids on Palau, Yap, and Ulithi.
1945    Soviet troops enter Austria
1945    The Red Army captures Danzig
1961    NASA pilot Joseph Walker takes X-15 to 51,690 m
1981    Pres. Ronald Reagan and two others are wounded in an assassination attempt by John Hinckley, Jr.

365    Emperor Ai of Eastern Jin , c. 24 (361–365)
1135    Moses Maimonides [Moses ben Maimon], philospher, physician, d. 1204
1432    Ottoman Sultan Mehemet II "the Conqueror" (1444-1446, 1451-81) -- Learn More
1746    Francisco José de Goya y Lucientes, Spanish artist ("The Disasters of War", "The Naked Maja", etc.), d. 1828
1785    Field-Marshal Henry Viscount Hardinge, of the Peninsular War and Sutlej Campaign, d. 1856
1790    Joseph Smith, naval officer, U.S., d. 1877
1793    Juan Manuel de Rosas, Argentine patriot, soldier, politician, and Caudillo, d. 1877
1823    Joseph Farmer Knipe, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1901
1824    Innis Newton Palmer, Brig Gen., U.S., d. 1900
1825    Samuel Bell Maxey, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1895
1844    Paul-Marie Verlaine, French poet who wrote "Wound my heart with a monotonous languor", d. 1896
1880    Walter Short, US Army commander at Pearl Harbor, who didn't understand the words "war warning", d. 1949 -- Learn More
1939    Batman, in "Detective Comics" #27
1957    Yelena Vladimirovna Kondakova, Russian cosmonaut

317BC Phocion, Strategos of Athens, outstanding admiral, executed at c. 85, having run afoul of his political enemies
116    St. Quirinus of Neuss, Roman tribune, executed by Trajan for refusing to execute Christians
943    Li Bian, 54, the first Emperor of Southern T'ang, as Zhenglun (937-943)
988    Count Arnulf II of Flanders, c. 28 (965-988)
1484    Filippo Savelli di Rignano, Marshal of the Holy See, assassinated
1707    Sebastien Le Prestre, Seigneur de Vauban, fortification engineer, b. 1633
1840    George Bryan "Beau" Brummell, 61, sometime officer, 10th Royal Hussars, English fashionista
1945    Maj Gen Maurice Rose (45), 3rd Arm Div, killed while being captured - the highest ranking American Jewish casualty in WW II
1948    Mohandas Gandhi, The Mahatma, 78, assassinated in New Delhi
1950    Leon Blum, 77, French Popular Front premier (1936-1937, 1938), appeaser
1986    James Cagney, actor ("The Fighting 69th", "The Gallant Hours"), 86
1986    John Ciardi, B-29 pilot, poet, translator of Dante, at 69
2002    Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, at 101
2004    Alistair Cooke, 95, British-born American journalist, war correspondent, author, television personality