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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
0    Armed Forces Day in Cuba
1152    Nicholas Breakspear elected Pope as Adrian IV (1152-1159), the only English pope
1697    Consecration of St. Paul's Cathedral in London, which would defy Hitler's Blitz
1775    The First American Flag: The "Grand Union Flag" is hoisted for the first time, at Philadelphia aboard John Paul Jones' ship 'Alfred' [or the 3rd]
1777    British Gen William Howe plots attack on Washington's army for Dec 4
1794    "Silas Tomkyn Comberbache" (Samuel Taylor Coleridge) enlists in the 15th Dragoons -- Learn More
1804    In Notre Dame Cathedral, Napoleon crowns himself Emperor of the French (1804-1814, 1815)
1805    Battle of Austerlitz: Napoleon defeats the Russians & Austrians
1823    President Monroe announces his Doctrine.
1848    Accession of Franz Josef as Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary, etc., etc. (1848-1916)
1852    President Louis Napoleon Bonaparte overthrows the Second French Republic, establishes himself as head of a provisional government (1851-1852)
1852    French provisiona head of state Louis Napoleon proclaims himself Emperor of the Second French Empire as Napoleon III (1852-1870)
1856    Battle of uDondakusuka: Cetswayo defeats his brother Mbuyazi to secure the Zulu throne
1899    Battle of Tirad Pass: Peyton March defeats a Filipino rearguard
1908    Accession of Puyi (aged 2) as Emperor of China (1908-1912, deposed, restored briefly 1917)
1914    Adolf Hitler is awarded the Iron Cross, Second Class -- "The happiest day of my life."
1914    Austrians capture Belgrade, Serbia, after several tries
1915    Fourth Battle of the Isonzo ends (began Nov 10)
1941    Hawaii: Recon aircraft are ordered to search to 400 miles, in an arc from northwest to south
1941    HMS 'Prince of Wales' & 'Repulse' ("Force Z") arrive at Singapore
1941    Japanese First Air Fleet at 43 N, 158 30' E, c. 2,500 miles from Pearl Harbor
1941    Roosevelt asks Japan to clarify its intentions regarding French Indochina
1942    "The Italian navigator has arrived in the New World" - Enrico Fermi initiates the first "Atomic Pile", in Chicago
1942    Italian blockade runner 'Orseolo' arrives at Kobe from Bordeaux
1942    Papua: Eichelberger relieves cdrs of 32nd Div and several subordinate units
1942    Papua: Japanese at Buna beat off another American attack, as reinforcements arrive
1944    Chiang Kai-shek rejects proposals to arm the Communists against Japan
1954    The Senate votes overwhelmingly to censure Sen Joseph McCarthy
1980    Mass murder of Roman Catholic missionaries by a Salvadorian government death squad
2015    Islamist terror attack at a health facility in San Bernardino, Ca., 14 killed, 17 wounded

BORN
1738    Richard Montgomery, Continental Brig Gen, kia, Quebec, 1775
1802    Melancthon Smith Wade, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1868
1821    Rufus Barringer, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1895
1825    Emperor Pedro II of Brazil (1831-89), d. 1891
1837    Charles Garrison Harker, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1864
1897    Marshal of the Soviet Union Hovhannes Bagramyan, d. 1982
1915    Takahito, Prince Mikasa of Japan, younger brother of Hirohito, sometime cavalryman, Semitic linguist, fifth in line to the Imperial throne
1924    Alexander Haig, Jr, General, National Security Advisor, d. 2010
1971    The United Arab Emirates, formed by Abu Dhabi, Ajman, Dubai, Fujeira, Sharjah, & Umm-ak-Qiwain

DIED
1152    Pope Anastasius IV (1151-1152), c. 75
1319    Ugo del Balzo, Captain General of Piedmont, kia, the siege of Alessandria
1515    Gonzalo Fernández de Córdoba, "El gran capitan", 62 -- Learn More
1516    Louis des Balbes de Berton de Crillon, c. 75-76, French soldier, called "the man without fear" and "the bravest of the brave".
1547    Hernan Cortes, attorney, conquistador, at c. 62
1723    Philippe d'Orleans, 49, French Royal Duke, general (Battle of Almansa, etc), Regent for Louis XV (1715-1723)
1814    The Marquis de Sade, sometime soldier, weirdo, b. 1740
1844    Prince Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, 76, Polish and French general, diplomat, historian
1859    John Brown, radical abolitionist hanged, at 59 in Virginia
1899    Filipino Brig. Gen. Gregorio del Pilar, kia at 26, Tirad Pass
1923    Capt. Arthur MacArthur III, U.S.N. (elder brother of Douglas), appendicitis at 49 -- Learn More
1943    Nordahl Grieg, 31, Norwegian leftist author, journalist, and poet, kia over Berlin with 460 Squadron, RAAF
1944    Filippo T. Marinetti, Futurist, who loved war, in bed at 67
1949    George Fleming Moore, 62, Maj. Gen., US, Defender of Bataan -- Learn More
1963    Sabu Dastagir, airman, actor ("The Jungle Book," etc.), b. 1924
1967    Francis Spellman, Vicar General of the Armed Forces, Cardinal Archbishop of New York, at 78
1969    Kliment Yefremovich Voroshilov, 88, Russian soldier, Minister of Defense, Marshal of the Soviet Union
1980    Sister Ita Ford, M.M. (40), Maura Clarke, M.M. (49), laywoman Jean Donovan (27), and Sister Dorothy Kazel, O.S.U (41), tortured, raped, and murdered by the Salvadorean government