0    Royal Armed Forces Day in Thailand
0    Feast of St Cyril of Alexandria, Patriarch, Confessor, and Doctor of the Church, Patron of Alexandria
336    Accession of Pope Marcus (18 Jan-7 Oct 336), later canonized
350    Deposition of Western Roman Emperor Constans I (337-350) in favor of Flavius Magnentius (350-353)
474    Leo II, c. 6 years old, succeeds Leo I, his maternal grandfather, as Byzantine Emperor (Jan 18-Nov 17, 474)
532    Suppression of the Nika Riots in Constaninople: In five days 30,000 have died
1486    King Henry VII of England marries Elizabeth, daughter of Edward IV
1503    Last meeting between Niccolo Machiavelli & Cesare Borgia, who have been in daily contact since October 7, 1502
1520    The Battle of Lake Asunde: Christian II of Denmark & Norway defeats the Swedes
1567    Battle of Watrelots: Dutch Revolt against Spain begins
1591    King Naresuan of Siam kills Crown Prince Minchit Sra of Burma in single combat
1671    English pirate Henry Morgan sacks Panama
1701    Elector Frederick I is proclaimed "King in Prussia" (1701-1713).
1795    French Army enters Amsterdam unopposed
1817    Jose de San Martin's revolutionary army begins an epic crossing of the Andes from Argentina to Chile
1826    The British capture the Mahratta city of Bhurtope after a two month siege -- Learn More
1850    British blockade Piraeus, Greece, to enforce mercantile claims
1857    Battle of Bushire, Persia: British Indian cavalry breaks Persian squares
1871    King Wilhelm I of Prussia is proclaimed German Emperor (1871-1888), at Versailles [see 1919]
1911    First airplane landing on a ship: Eugene Ely in a Curtiss Flyer on USS 'Pennsylvania' (ACR-4)
1913    First Balkan War - Battle of Lemnos: The Greek fleet defeats an Ottoman squadron attempting to break the blockade of the Dardanelles [Jan 5, OS]
1915    The U.S. Revenue Marine is renamed the U.S. Coast Guard
1919    Versailles Peace Conference begins [see 1871]
1942    British troops in Malaya heavily engaged on the Muar River Line.
1943    Aleutians: U.S. surface force bombards Japanese held Attu.
1943    Papua: Sanananda falls to Allies, who press the Japanese westwards.
1943    US bans sale of sliced bread, to save metal parts in slicing machines
1943    Warsaw Ghetto uprising begins
1944    New Guinea: US reinforces the Saidor beachhead
1945    Peleliu: Japanese stragglers raid U.S. ammo dumps and airbase
1957    Three B-52s complete round-the-world flight in 45 hrs & 19 mins; one man did it backwards
1960    US & Japan sign joint defense treaty
1991    Iraq launches SCUD missiles against Israel

1641    François-Michel le Tellier, Marquis de Louvois, Louis XIV's great war minister, d. 1691
1657    Heinrich Casimir II of Nassau-Diez, Dutch general, d. 1697
1726    Prince Frederick Henry Louis of Prussia, general who never lost a battle, unlike his brother Frederick the Great, d. 1802
1752    Prince Francesco Maria Caracciolo, Neapolitan admiral, executed by Nelson, 1799 -- Learn More
1809    Richard Caswell Gatlin, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1896
1813    Joseph Farwell Glidden, inventor of barbed wire, d. 1906
1815    James Chesnut Jr, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1885
1820    Abraham Buford, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1884
1831    Edward Ferrero, cowardly Brig. Gen., U.S., d. 1899
1835    Cesar Antonovich Cui, Russian composer, fortification engineer, d. 1918 -- Learn More
1857    General der Infanterie Otto Ernst Vinzent Leo von Below, Victor of Caporetto, d. 1944 -- Learn More

52BC Publius Clodius Pulcher, c. 40, in a brawl with Titus Annius Milo on the Appian Way
474    Eastern Roman Emperor Leo I (457-474), at c. 74
1169    Vizier Shawar of Egypt (1162-1169), beheaded by order of Saladin
1213    Queen Regnant Tamar of Georgia (1184-1213), c. 53
1367    King Pedro I "the Just" of Portugal (1357-1367), 46
1479    Duke Louis IX "the Rich" of Bavaria-Landshut (1450-1479), 61
1586    Margaret of Austria, 63, illegitimate daughter of Charles V, Duchess-Consort of Parma (1522-1586), Governor-General of the Netherlands (1559-1567, 1578-1582), mother of Alexander Farnese, half-sister to John of Austria
1862    John Tyler, militiaman, first American vice-president to succeed to the presidency (1841-1845), at 71 - Learn More
1870    King Moshoeshoe I of Lesotho (1822-1870), founder of the Basutho nation
1890    Amadeo I of Savoy, sometime king of Spain (1870-73), 44
1936    Rudyard Kipling, author & poet ("Gunga Din"), 70
1984    Panteleimon Kondrat'evich Ponomarenko, 81, Soviet appartchik, partisan leader, diplomat,
1991    Hamilton Fish III, veteran, congressman, isolationist, at 102 -- Learn More
2001    President Laurent-Désiré Kabila of the Democratic Republic of Congo (1997-2001), 61, assassinated by a bodyguard
2011    Sargent Shriver, 95, sometime gunnery officer USS 'South Dakota' (BB-57), Santa Cruz & Guadalcanal, first head of the Peace Corps -- Learn More