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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
54BC Caesar dines with Cicero at Puteoli
0    Feast of St. Clement of Ohrid, Patron of the Bulgarian Empire [Julian]
0BC Rites honoring the Roman deities Tiberinus and Gaia, the River and the Earth
395    Battle of Canhe Slope: The Later Yan Kingdom is defeated by its former vassal the Northern Wei
1775    Battle of Great Bridge: Virginia Patriots defeat a small British column, causing crown supporters to flee the state
1776    Washington's army retreats across the Delaware from NJ to Penna
1794    Second Great Fire of New Orleans: 212 buildings destroyed
1830    U.S. Army Adjutant General Order No. 72 ends the daily ration of one gill of whiskey to enlisted men, substituting an issue of coffee and sugar.
1863    Church fire in Santiago de Chile, 2,000 die
1863    Lincoln announces plan for Reconstruction of the South
1907    Accession of King Gustaf V of Sweden (1907-1950)
1914    Battle of the Falkland Islands: British battlecruisers annihilated von Spee's German cruiser squadron
1936    Anastasio Somoza elected President of Nicaragua, initiating 20 years of direct or indirect dictatorial rule -- Learn More
1938    Lauvrenti Beria follows Nikolai Yezkhov as head of Russian secret police
1941    Japanese troops land in Malaya, attack Hong Kong, invade Siam and the Dutch East Indies, bomb the Philippines, and capture the USS Wake (PR 3) in Shanghai [Int'l Date Line affects these events, which occurred simultaneously with the attack on Pearl Harobor dated the 7th]
1941    Japanese forces bomb Wake I. and land n Guam
1941    "Force Z" (HMSs 'Prince of Wales' & 'Repulse') sails from Singapore
1941    Aussie inf coy lands on western Timor, in the Netherlands East Indies
1941    Britain declares war on Japan
1941    FDR asks Congress for a declaration of war on Japan, which is done by virtually unanimous vote of both houses -- Learn More
1942    Papua: Japanese troops withdrawing from Gona sustain heavy losses
1942    Papua: U.S. a/c defeat Japanese attempt to land troops at Buna
1943    Japanese air raids on British airfields in Assam
1943    New Guinea: Australian troops capture Wareo
1943    U.S. fast battleship task force bombards Japanese positions on Nauru
1944    Iwo Jima: U.S. bombers and carrier aircraft begin a 72 day pre-invasion bombardment
1944    Italian troops storm Monte Lungo, in the first action by the Italian Liberation Army against the Axis
1952    French troops fire on demonstrators at Casablanca, 50 die
1966    US & USSR sign treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons in outer space
1971    Bangladesh War for Independence/Indo-Pakistani War: The Indian Navy bombards port facilities and military installations at Karachi.
1982    Suriname army leader Desiré Delano Bouterse murders 15 opponents

BORN
563BC Siddhartha Gautama, The Buddha, d. c. 483 BC
65BC Quintus Horatius Flaccus - Horace, soldier, poet, d. 8 BC -- Learn More
1412    Astorre II Manfredi, Condottiero, Lord of Imola (1439-1468) and of Faenza (1443-1468).
1542    Mary Stuart, Queen of Scots (legally from Dec 12, 1542, effective 1560-1567), deposed, d. 1587
1626    Queen Christina of Sweden (1632-1654), abdicated, d. 1689
1708    Francis I, Holy Roman Emperor (1745-1765)
1765    Eli Whitney, inventor of the cotton gin, interchangable parts, etc., d. 1825
1822    Luther Prentice Bradley, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1910
1828    Clinton Bowen Fisk, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1890
1828    Robert Bullock, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1905
1865    Jean Sibelius, nationalist composer ("Finlandia"), d. 1957
1900    Sun Li-jen, Chinese Nationalist general -- "The Rommel of the East," d. 1990, after many years under house arrest
1926    Joachim Fest, historian ("Hitler"), d. 2006
1933    The Fleet Marine Force is formed

DIED
899    Arnulf of Carinthia, c. 49, King of East Francia (887-899), disputed King of Italy (894-899), disputed Holy Roman Emperor (896-899)
1495    King Alfonso II of Naples (Jan 25, 1494-Feb 22, 1495), 47, abdicated
1744    Marie Anne de Mailly-Nesle, 27, duchesse de Châteauroux, one of four sisters who became mistresses of King Louis XV of France, d. 1744
1788    Pierre Andre de Suffren, le Bailli de Suffren, Knight of Malta, French admiral, at 59
1793    Jeanne Bécu, comtesse du Barry -- Madame du Barry, 50, sometime mistress to Louis XV, guillotined
1914    Maximilian von Spee, 53, admiral, with two of his sons and c. 2,000 other German seamen -- Learn More
1978    Golda Meir, prime minister of Israel (1969-1974), in Jerusalem at 80
2016    John Glenn, 95, Marine airman, senator, astronaut