0    Feast of King Saint Canute IV, Patron of Denmark
1460    Battle of Northampton: Lord Grey defeats King Henry VI
1609    German Catholic League established under Maximillian of Bavaria
1690    Battle of Beachy Head: French fleet defeats Anglo-Dutch fleet
1721    Peace of Nystad: Ends the Great Northern War (1700-1721)
1775    Horatio Gates orders blacks excluded from the Continental Army
1790    2d Battle of Ruotsinaslami/Svenksund: Swedish fleet beats Russians (from 9th)
1821    U.S. takes possession of Florida from Spain
1861    Combat at Monroe Sta., Va.
1863    Siege of Morris Island, SC, begins (ends Sep 6)
1898    A French column under Maj. Jean-Baptiste Marchand occupies Fashoda, on the Nile in the Sudan, setting up a six-month confrontation with Kitchener's Anglo-Egyptian forces, which leads to the Entente Cordial
1898    Skirmish at Santiago de Cuba
1913    Second Balkan War: Romania declares war on Bulgaria
1917    Emma Goldman imprisoned for obstructing the draft
1923    All non-fascist parties in Italy are dissolved
1926    Explosion at the Picatinny Arsenal, Lake Denmark, NJ: 21 die, scores injured
1938    Howard Hughes completes 91-hour 'round-the-world flight, NY-NY
1941    Polish residents of Jedwabne massacre 1,600 Jews, and blame the Nazis
1942    Himmler orders sterilization of all Jewish woman in Ravensbruck Camp
1942    USAAF agrees to increase a/c strength in the Pacific, slowing buildup in Britain
1943    First B-25 raid on Paramushiro (Kuriles) from Attu
1943    Operation Husky: US & Commonwealth forces invade Sicily
1944    Burma: Chinese engage in heavy fighting on the Salween front
1944    Isolated Japanese troops launch a counter attack at Aitape, New Guinea
1944    Marian Anderson sings "La Marseillaise" for de Gaulle, La Guardia, & NYC
1945    Massive U.S./Br naval air strikes on airfields and industrial sites around Tokyo
1953    American troops abandon Pork Chop Hill, Korea
1960    Belgium sends troops to Congo
2015    The so-called Confederate Battle Flag is removed from the grounds of the South Carolina state house

1509    John Calvin, Protestant reformer with a high body count, d. 1564
1621    Charles Bonaventure de Longueval, Count of Bucquoy, 50, Hapsburg general, the Army of Flanders, later Imperial C-in-C
1818    John Stuart "Cerro Gordo" Williams, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1898
1820    Andrew Porter, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1872
1821    Christopher Columbus Augur, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1898
1833    Lucius Eugene Polk, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1892
1834    James Abbott McNeill Whistler, USMA drop-out, artist ("Whistler's Mother"), d. 1903
1856    Nikola Tesla, brilliant inventor, inept businessman, d. 1943
1867    Maximilian Alexander Friedrich Wilhelm, Margrave and later head of the House of Baden, general staff officer, last Chancellor of Imperial Germany (Oct 3 - Nov 9, 1918), d. 1929
1883    Johannes Albrecht Blaskowitz, German general, d. 1948
1886    John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, Viscount Gort, British field marshal & VC, who commanded the 1940 BEF & Malta, d. 1946
1898    Charles B. McVay III, American naval officer, Rear Adm., sometime commander USS 'Indianapolis' (CA-35), suicide 1968
1922    Ewald-Heinrich von Kleist-Schmenzin, German soldier, anti-Hitler conspirator, last surviving veteran of the "July Plot", d. 2013
1927    David N. Dinkins, marine, Mayor of New York (1990-1994)

138    Roman Emperor Hadrian (117-138) at 62 -- Learn More
1024    Pope Benedict VIII Theophylactus (1012-1024)
1086    King Canute IV "the Holy" of Denmark (1080-1086), c. 44, slain by rebels, later canonized
1099    Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar - El Cid Campeador, in bed at c. 55
1103    King Erik I "the Good Hearted" of Denmark (1095-1103), c. 43
1290    King Ladislaus IV of Hungary (1272-1290), 37, murdered
1480    Rene I d'Anjou, 71, King of Naples, Sicily, & Jerusalem (1435-1442), ousted but kept trying (1442-1480)
1559    King Henry II of France (1547-59), 40
1584    Prince William I "the Silent" of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, & Friesland (1559-1584), 54, leader of the Dutch Revolution, shot by Balthasar Gérard at Delft, in history's first assassination by firearm
1653    John Gerrard, English gentleman, hanged at Tyburn for brawling in the streets of London with Portuguese nobleman Pantaleon Sa, also hanged, along with four of his servants.
1747    Nader Shah Afshar "the Great" of Persia (1736-1747), 49 or 59, assassinated
1794    Gaspard Augustin René Bernard de Marigny, 37, French naval officer, Vendeen general, executed as a counter-revolutionary
1920    Eugenie de Montijo y de Guzman, Mrs. Napoleon III, at 94
1937    Rafael de Nogales Mendez Bey, Venezuelan soldier-of-fortune, in bed at 60
1944    Count Giovanni Pallavicini, kia, Warsaw.
1945    Robert Goddard, American scientist, inventor of the liquid fueled rocket, 62