0    Feast of St. Benedict of Nursia, Founder of Monte Cassino, Patron of Europe, and that of St. Nicholas of Flüe, Patron of Switzerland and of the Pontifical Swiss Guards
630    Roman Emperor Heraclius returns the "True Cross", recaptured from the Persians, to the Church of the Holy Sepulcher
867    Battle of York: Danes defeat King Aelle of Northumbria
1084    Emperor Henry IV captures Rome, and Pope Gregory VII
1146    St. Bernard of Clairveaux preaches the Second Crusade at Vezelay, Burgundy
1152    Marriage of King Louis VII of France and Eleanor of Aquitaine
1421    Battle of Beauge: The English are defeated by the French
1625    Franco-Piedmontese capture Novi from the Spanish-Genoese
1788    Second Great Fire of New Orleans: c. 800-850 buildings houses burn after a votive candle ignites some curtains
1814    Battle of Arcis-sur-Aube, Day 2: Austro-Russians defeat Napoleon
1824    Explosion and fire at the Citadel at Cairo, over 4,000 die
1836    Mexicans capture Copano, Texas
1848    Combat at Sforzesca: Piedmontese defeat the Austrians
1849    Combat at Borgo San Siro: Austrians defeat the Piedmontese
1849    Combat at Gambolo: Piedmontese defeat the Austrians
1849    Combat at Mortara: Austrians defeat the Piedmontese
1866    Congress authorizes a national soldiers' homes
1918    "Operation Michel" - Germans begin the first offensive of "Die Kaiserschlacht" -- Learn More
1927    Kuomintang forces occupy Shanghai
1937    Police fire on nationalist parade, Ponce, PR, 19 die
1939    Hitler demands annexation of the Free City of Danzig
1940    Paul Reynaud becomes French premier (March 21 - June 16, 1940)
1942    Jimmy Stewart enlists in the USAAF
1942    Major Italo-German air attacks on Malta
1943    Assassination attempt on Hitler fails
1945    Okinawa: Japanese use Okha suicide planes for the first time
1945    Navy Chaplain Rabbi Roland Gittelson dedicates a cemetery on Iwo Jima --
1951    Julius & Ethel Rosenberg convicted of espionage
1960    Sharpeville, South Africa: Police open fire on black demonstrators protesting apartheid, killing 69
1967    Battle of Suoi Tre: Major US victory over the VC/NVA
1984    Soviet sub collides with USS 'Kitty Hawk' (CV-63) off Japan

927    Zhao Kuangyin, the Emperor Taizu, the first Song Emperor of China (960-976)
1227    Charles of Anjou, King Charles I of Naples (1266-1285)
1274    King Robert I the Bruce of Scotland (1306-1329).
1521    Maurice, wily Duke (1541–1547) and later Elector (1547–1553) of Saxony.
1609    Cardinal Jan II Kazimierz, King of Poland (1648-68)
1713    Francis Lewis, Signer of the Declaration of Independence, d. 1803
1806    Benito Juarez, President of Mexico (1858-72)
1839    Modest Petrovich Mussorgsky, sometime Preobrazhensky Guardsman and composer, 1881
1889    Bernard Cyril Freyberg, soldier, Mexican Revolution, Gallipoli, Western Front (VC), North Africa, Greece, Italy, d. 1963
1917    Yigael Sukenik, later Yadin, Israeli archaeologist and general, d. 1984
1946    The Strategic Air Command

867    King Osberht of Northumbria (c. 484-867) and his brother Ælla, kia by the Vikings
1076    Duke Robert I Burgundy (1072-1076)
1306    Duke Robert II of Burgundy (1272-1306)
1330    Edmund of Woodstock, 1st Earl of Kent, beheaded at 28
1556    Thomas Cranmer, 66, Archbishop of Canterbury (1533-1555), burned at Oxford
1604    Peter Ernst I von Mansfeld-Vorderort, 86, General and Governor of the Spanish Netherlands (1592-1594)
1617    Pocahontas -- Mrs. John Rolfe, about 22, in England
1656    James Ussher, 74, Protestant Primate of All Ireland (1625-1656), who "calculated" the age of the universe
1663    Charlotte de la Tremoüille Stanley, Countess of Derby, c. 65, who defended Latham House against the Parliamentarians (1644)
1804    Louis-Antoine-Henri de Bourbon-Condé, duc d'Enghien, 31, murdered by Napoleon
1880    Hussein bin Muhammed, Sherif of Mecca (1877-1880), murdered by a religious fanatic
1958    Cyril M. Kornbluth, 34, Battle of Bulge Bronze Star, American sciencefictioneer
2013    Herschel Schacter, 95, sometime US Army Chaplain who directed relief efforts at Buchenwald and later headed the Conference of Presidents of Major American Jewish Organizations