0    Roman festival of the October Horse
0    Feast of St. Teresa of Avila, Virgin, Mystic, Ecstatic, Doctor of the Church, Patron of Spain
533    Belisarius captured Carthage from the Vandals -- Learn More
1080    Battle of Saale: Rudolf of Swabia defeats Henry IV of Germany
1575    Battle of Dormans: French Catholics defeat the Huguenots
1582    The Gregorian Calendar went into force in Catholic countries, and so it was the day following Oct 6, 1582
1655    Massacre of the Jews of Lublin, Poland
1764    Edward Gibbon, sitting amid the ruins of the Forum, decided to write "The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire" -- Learn More
1815    Congress rejects a proposal to relocate the nation's capital from Washington, recently captured and burned by the British, further west.
1860    Grace Bedell, 11, suggests candidate Lincoln grow a beard
1861    Combat at Potosi/Big River Bridge, Mo
1914    Montenegro declares war on Bulgaria
1917    USS 'Cassin' (DD-43) torpedoed by German 'U-61' off Ireland.
1935    Germany activates three panzer divisions.
1936    Benito Mussolini (53) and Clara Petacci (24) become lovers
1938    Hitler's propagandist Josef Goebbels may have attempted suicide when Hitler refuses him permission to divorce his wife in order to marry an actress
1940    Chaplin's "The Great Dictator" opens in New York.
1940    Italian sub 'Enrico Toti' sinks sub HMS 'Triad' in a gunfight off Libya
1941    Hideki Tojo becomes prime minister of Japan (resigns, July 22, 1944)
1942    Japanese cruisers again shell Henderson Field, as 6 transports beach, to land reinforcements
1942    Japanese aircraft off 'Zuikaku' sink the USS 'Meredith' (DD 434) off San Cristobal.
1943    British Adm. Sir Andrew Cunningham is appointed First Sea Lord of the Admiralty and Chief of the Naval Staff (1943-1946) -- Learn More
1944    Peleliu secured: Japanese KIA c. 12,000, US over 1,200.
1944    Pro-Nazi coup in Hungary ousts Horthy government

70BC Publius Vergilius Maro - Virgil, "Arma virumque cano", d. 19 BC
961    Umayyad Caliph and Emir of Cordoba Abd-ar-Rahman III (912-961), 70
1542    Akbar, Mughal Emperor of India (1556-1605)
1795    King Frederick Willem IV of Prussia (1840-61)
1802    Louis-Eugène Cavaignac, French general, Dictator (Jun 28-Dec 20,1848), d. 1857
1816    Amiel Weeks Whipple, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1863
1818    Irvin McDowell, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1885
1832    Henry Harrison Walker, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1912
1836    Thomas Lafayette Rosser, Maj Gen, C.S.A., d. 1910
1844    Friedrich Nietzsche, inventor of the "Übermensch", d. 1900
1856    Robert Nivelle, inept French general, d. 1924
1878    Paul Reynaud, Premier of France (1940), who wasn't tough enough, d. 1966
1893    King Charles II of Romania (1930-40), d. 1953
1917    Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., historian, ("The Age of Jackson"), d. 2007
1948    Aleksandr S Puchkov, cosmonaut

912    Abd Allah ibn Mu?ammad, 68, Emir of al-Andalus (888 - 912)
961    Caliph Abd-ar-Rahman III of Cordoba (912-961), 72
1080    Rudolf of Rheinfelden, c. 55, Duke of Swabia (1057-1079) and King-Aspirant of the Germans (1077-1080), kia Saale
1389    Pope Urban VI - Bartolomeo Prignano of Itri (1378-1389), c. 70-71
1591    Pope Gregory XIV - Niccolo Spondrati (1590-1591), 46
1820    Karl Philipp Fürst zu Schwarzenberg, Austrian Field Marshal, at 49
1880    Chirichaua Apache Chief Victorio/Bidu-ya, c. 55, kia by Mexican troops
1917    GM Osmond Kelly Ingram, 30, earning a Medal of Honor, USS 'Cassin' (DD-43)
1917    Mata Hari, 41, shot as a spy by the French
1934    Pres Raymond Poincare of France (1913-20), at 74
1941    Nina Iakivska, aged 10, shot by the Germans for giving bread to Soviet prisoners-of-war, Zhytomyr, Ukraine
1945    Pierre Laval, 62, French politician, anti-Nazi, then Vichyite collaborator, executed as a traitor
1946    Herman Goring, 53, sometime war hero, Nazi criminal, suicide to cheat the hangman