The U.S. government is concerned about Sudanese troops continuing to conduct offensive operations in Darfur. The U.S. protests have been sharply worded. Sudanese forces are attacking the Sudan Liberation Army/Abdel Wahid (SLA/AW) rebel faction in the Jebel Marra area, despite signing a ceasefire agreement with the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) on February 20.
March 2, 2010: Two Dinka clans fought over cattle in southern Sudan's Lake state. A cattle raid by the Dinka Ciek clan on February 26 touched off a series of firefights with the Dinka Atuot clan. The resulting three day battle left an estimated 30 people dead and another 35 wounded.
February 26, 2010: The national government and the rebel Government of South Sudan (GOSS) claimed that they had reached a new agreement on how seats in parliament will be divided following the national elections. This is just one of many election disputes between the north and south, but it is a significant dispute. Under the agreement the south will get 40 extra parliamentary seats in the national government. The deal appears to be a major concession by the north. The north has more population than the south. How many more people does the north have? Well, the census is another dispute.
February 25, 2010: The SLA/Abdel Wahid (SLA/AW) accused the government of launching another round of attacks in the Jebel Marra region (near the town of Deribat in Darfur). The rebels accused the government of attacking a medical facility on February 18. The rebels said the government attack was supported by MiG jet and Antonov transport-bomber bombing attacks and helicopter gunships. If the rebel report is accurate, then the government has launched a large-scale offensive.
February 24, 2010: Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir, who faces international warrants for war crimes committed in Darfur, declared that the war in Darfur is over. Bashir made the statement in El Fasher, the capital of West Darfur state. The peace deal the government signed with the JEM, however, does not insure peace in Darfur. The government is gambling that a deal with the JEM (the biggest rebel faction) will politically isolate hold-out groups.
The government released 57 members of the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM), who were taken prisoner after the spectacular JEM raid on Kharotum in 2008.
February 20, 2010: The government and the JEM confirmed that they had reached a Darfur peace settlement . The actual details of the framework agreement remained sketchy but the government promised to release over 100 JEM fighters who are being held prisoner. Several rebel factions, however, have rejected the deal.