India is changing it's military doctrine, following the American example, and forming more highly mobile, well equipped and highly trained units, and maintaining fewer front line garrisons along the Pakistani border. Case in point are the thousands of troops stationed in high mountains and glaciers along the Pakistani border. By replacing many of these soldiers with sensors, and smaller numbers of more mobile troops, lives and money would be saved. India is also worried about nuclear weapons, and their effect if used against large concentrations of troops. India has been upgrading equipment and training for its army over the past five years, and now the doctrine is getting an update as well.
Pakistani police helicopters and commandoes are still being spotted around the city of Karachi, believed to be an urban haven for al Qaeda. Pakistani police and intelligence agencies have been receiving a lot of advice, equipment and training from the United States, and it is apparently having an impact. The government has been quite vigorous in going after al Qaeda, mainly because al Qaeda has killed many policemen, and attempted to kill many more. President Musharraf himself has been the target of several al Qaeda assassination attempts. While many Pakistani police and military officials are Islamic conservatives, few are eager to support terrorism inside Pakistan.