India-Pakistan: June 11, 2000


: India has more problems than the well-known conflicts in Kashmir and Punjab and the lesser-known conflict in Tamil Nadu. Most people (other than those who read FYEO for the last decade) are unaware of the numerous insurgencies operating in the eastern part of the country, which is virtually a sea of civil war, insurgency, and rebellion. Functioning insurgent groups include:

@ National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Isak-Mulvah faction), with about 3,300 armed irregulars. These have assault rifles, rocket launchers, and some mortars. This force is the most effective of the eastern rebels. 

@ National Socialist Council of Nagaland (Khaplang faction), with about 2,200 guerrillas armed with assault rifles, rocket launchers, and other weapons.

@ United Liberation Front of Assam, with about 1,200 armed members. The most effective of the groups in Assam province, they carry assault rifles and grenade launchers, and have acquired stocks of explosives. They are frequent buyers of weapons at bazaars in Thailand and Cambodia.

@ National Democratic Front of Bodoland, with about 700 armed members. They specialized in blowing up railroads and ambushing the military. They sometimes clash with the Assam rebels as both are in Assam province.

@ Bodo Liberation Tigers: Similar in size and role to the National Democratic Front of Bodoland.

@ United Liberation Front of Manipur. This group has about 700 members but only 150 assault rifles.

@ Revolutionary People's Front: This group, also in Manipur, has about 500 members but only 100 assault rifles.

@ The People's Revolutionary Party of Kanglepak (also known as the Kuki Liberation Army) has about 500 members and a few dozen rifles. They are based in Manipur Province, but are composed of ethnic Nagas. --Stephen V Cole


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