ISIL (al Qaeda in Iraq and the Levant) has triggered a major feud with the Kurdish community by kidnapping 148 teenage Kurdish boys and trying to persuade some of them to become suicide bombers. This all began on May 30 when Syrian ISIL Islamic terrorists kidnapped 600 Kurdish children travelling (on what was supposed to be a safe route) to take school exams. The ISIL was persuaded (by threats of all manner of nasty retribution) to release the kids and eventually ISIL let most of the kids go (first the girls, then the younger boys). But 148 of the teenage boys were kept for some intense religious instruction and indoctrination. Most Kurds are Sunni Moslems but generally do not get involved in Islamic radicalism. Kurds (an Indo-European people) see suicide bombers and Islamic terrorism as an “Arab disease” and want nothing to do with it. The ISIL disagrees and believes with a little encouragement it can recruit some of the Kurdish kids. If anything happens to any of those teenagers the ISIL could find themselves on the wrong end of a nasty feud.
Such a desperate recruiting ploy by ISIL is another indication of how Islamic terrorists are having a harder time recruiting suicide bombers, largely because fewer parents are letting their sons attend religious schools (madrassa). Most Sunni Moslem parents are keen on getting an education for their kids. There are often limited choices. For example, in southern Afghanistan parents have limited choices because the Taliban (who operate mostly in the south) discourage the use of non-religious schools. In villages where the Taliban are strong enough to convincingly threaten parents, or have destroyed the local school, or scared away (or murdered) the teachers, the only option is a religious school. It not only provides some free education, but often feeds and houses their students as well. For many parents, this is an economic benefit. But most parents don’t like how some of these schools turn their kids into religious fanatics and suicide bombers. These parents often encounter threats from local religious conservatives because of their hostility to “Islamic education.” But the parents can often use the excuse that they need their sons to help with the family business (farming or tending herds). In any event, religious schools with a reputation for brainwashing their students are noting much reduced demand for their service.
This pattern is similar wherever Islamic terrorists are operating. Then there is also the problem of recruiting kids to be fighters. Recruiting teenagers as soldiers is increasingly discouraged by the international community. But training kids to be suicide bombers is more often tolerated in communities with a lot of religious conservatives. There are a growing number of madrassa in Afghanistan (over 800.) But the Afghan government (national and local) are less tolerant of madrassas that train terrorists. Still, some get away with it. This is a widespread problem in Pakistan and the Palestinian territories.
While the UN, and the international community, has vigorously sought bans on the recruiting of children (usually boys in their early teens) by rebel groups, and some armies, there has much less outcry over the use of Islamic schools for training and recruiting children as suicide bombers. This is largely the result of the Islamic nations vigorously opposing any such action in the UN. In general, Islamic nations do not want any criticism of their internal affairs, especially if it involves terrorism, or other unsavory practices (pedophilia, violent misogyny, slavery, religious bigotry, and corruption in general). This is one thing the Islamic nations can unite on, and the UN has learned to back off.
The majority of the Islamic terrorists (gunmen, suicide bombers, helpers of all sorts) come from madrassas. Such schools are found all over the Islamic world, but the ones that produce the most terrorists are those that teach a conservative form of Islam, usually one that justifies militant Islam, hatred of non-Moslems and a favorable attitude towards Islamic radicalism. There are probably fewer than five million kids attending these conservative madrassas. But these schools turn out thousands of potential terrorists each year.
An extensive study of the madrassas in Pakistan found that only about 1-2 percent of the nation's children were attending the religious schools. Most of the Islamic schools were concentrated in the Pushtun (tribal) areas, where they attracted as much as ten percent of the kids in some districts. Earlier nationwide estimates ranged from 10-33 percent. Some kids are from other countries, especially Afghanistan. The madrasses also teach basic literacy and some math. Since most Islamic states have terrible education systems, parents see madrassas as a viable option if they can prevent their kids from turning into Islamic terrorists.
Even with the 20,000 or so madrassas in a place like Pakistan, you still have over a third of the children not in school. The national literacy rate is 55 percent. It's lower in Afghanistan. The Gulf States only got high literacy rates in the last few generations, courtesy of all that oil money, but also suffer from a lot of religious schools that encourage Islamic terrorism. Saudi Arabia and Iraq have achieved literacy rates close to 80 percent. But Pakistan and Afghanistan haven't got that wealth. Then again, neither does China, which has a literacy rate of over 90 percent (as do most of the East Asian nations). It's a culture thing, which is not politically correct to even mention.
Even children going to state schools in Islamic nations, will get a lot of religious instruction. Parents, who can afford it, send their kids to "Western" schools that teach subjects that will help the children get ahead in life. For Moslem nations, students are encouraged to study religion, even in college. While many Moslem kids realize that studying technical subjects will do them more good, at least economically, the Islamic nations turn out fewer technically trained graduates, per capita, than in the West.
This attitude towards secular education has left most Islamic nations illiterate, poor and incubators of terrorism. Trying to change that, brings out the wrath of the Islamic clergy, who insist that the best education is a religious one, and no education at all is best for girls. Thus many Islamic nations are turning out more terrorists than engineers.