The war on terror is largely a
struggle for information. Once you know exactly where terrorists are, there are
plenty of resources for killing or capturing them. But first you have to find
them. It's not that easy for people to disappear. That's because, while the
world is a big place, it is generally well policed (if not well governed). To
disappear, you have to be able to go someplace where you won't be noticed. You
have to go off the grid, to an area where there are no nosy cops or local
gangsters who will hassle you. If a major government is looking for you, they
can put the word out to most of the world, and your chances of escaping
detection are not very good. This is particularly difficult with large numbers
of people trying to hide. Take al Qaeda, for example, or any large terrorist
groups. The larger the group, the easier it is to detect some of them, and kill
or capture them. Thus the loss of Afghanistan as a base has forced al Qaeda to
seek other sanctuaries. Surprisingly, there are a lot of second or third best
places to hide out, and use as a base.
These other base areas have shortcomings, either
with regard to infrastructure, or vulnerability. For example, there are Sunni
Arab areas in Iraq where Islamic terrorists will find refuge. The downside is
that this only applies to certain areas of Central Iraq, and you are vulnerable
to detection and attack by Iraqi or American security forces. There are other
Middle Eastern countries where you can hide out, but with restrictions. Syria
and Iran are a police states, and Jordan is well policed. So the authorities
will know who you are. If you have permission to stay, it usually means you
must agree to behave. Your access to weapons will be limited, and you may be
easy to detect because communications are monitored in these countries. Most
other Middle Eastern nations are hostile to Islamic terrorists, and well enough
policed to worry illegal outsiders.
African contains large areas which are lawless, but
some of these places are so chaotic that even well armed and badass Islamic
terrorists have a hard time operating. Many of these areas have some form of
tribal government, and most are Moslem. So Islamic radicals who come in saying
the right things, and offering to pay for assistance, can hide out. But these
areas are poor, and if you have a price on your head, there are those who will
be tempted to let the nearest government authorities know who is hiding in the
bush. And often there's not even much bush. The semi-arid belt of land (the
"Sahel) just south of the Sahara desert is thinly populated and poorly policed.
But there isn't much there there at the corner of no and where.
Some tribal leaders are more reliable than others.
Some of the most dependable are pro-Taliban (that is, very conservative)
Pushtun and Baluchi tribes in Pakistan, and Yemeni tribes along the Saudi
border. One problem with the Yemeni tribes is that many of them are Shia. Since
al Qaeda believes Shia Moslems are heretics, this creates problems. There are
many parts of Africa, especially along both the Atlantic and Indian ocean
coasts, where small Arab communities have settled, and control much of the
local wholesale trade. Alas, these Arabs have different attitudes towards
Islamic terrorism. If the wrong Arab knows you are there, the police, and
probably the CIA, will soon know as well.
There are also several areas in South America where
government is scarce. Many of Colombias border areas as chaotic because of the
presence of well armed drug gangs, or leftist rebels. Southern Mexico is also
rather lawless, and some border areas of other South American nations. Islamic
radicals are known to be working in the Arab-descended communities in many
Latin American countries, aided by the porous frontiers, such as in the
notorious "three borders" region, where Paraguay, Brazil, and
Argentina meet. The Islamic radicals have been able to raise some money from
Latin American Arabs, often through bogus "charities." But the extent
to which they have been able to recruit active supporters is harder to gauge.
In some countries, such as Bolivia and Paraguay, recruiting efforts have been
reported to the police, who have been able to take action. One factor hampering
the Islamic radicals in the region is that many of the Arab immigrants to Latin
America were Christians, and those who were Moslems often became secularized,
in an environment where they found very few co-religionists.
There are parts of Indonesia that are both remote
and lightly governed. But you are vulnerable to detection if you try to
communicate from there. Not too many phone lines coming out of these areas, and
these are easily monitored. Islamic terrorists should assume they are. Moslem
immigrant communities in the West would appear to be good places to "hide in
plain sight." But al Qaeda training manuals warn followers to be very careful
in these places. Many of these Moslems left the old country to get away from Islamic
radicals, and are quick to inform the authorities if any show up.
Meanwhile, SOCOM and the CIA are sending people to
these out-of-the-way places, to shake the trees and grease the palms, to see if
any terrorists are about. This is dreary, and dangerous, work, the kind of
missions that never get mentioned in the movies, or CIA recruiting brochures.
So far, there have not been many terrorists seeking shelter in the truly fringe
areas. But in places like Somalia and the Pakistani tribal areas, there's
plenty of action, and lots of potential in similar dismal localities.