Sudan: Truce in the South Unraveling


January10, 2007: The UN said it is meeting with potential "contributor nations" that will supply troops for the hybrid UN-African Union (AU) force destined for Darfur. At the moment the UN has "several dozen" uniformed personnel in Darfur operating as observers and as liaison personnel.

January 9, 2007: The military said that it begun sending "army escorts" along with convoys in south Sudan. An attack on a convoy outside the town of Juba on January 7 killed ten people. The attack was attributed to "Ugandan rebels" though at this time that is an unsubstantiated claim. The Ugandan Lord's Resistance Army has denied that its fighters are launching attacks. What is clear is that the situation in south Sudan is deteriorating once again. Salva Kiir, who is a Sudan national vice-president, as well as a former southern rebel, issued a statement that said the peace agreement has "serious problems." The Sudan government has accused former SPLA members of resisting efforts to demilitarize. The southerners are accusing the northerners of supporting local "Muslim" militias. The Sudan government has repeatedly said it stands by the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA). The CPA was signed in January 2005.

January 8, 2007: The UN reported another influx of refugees into t the South Darfur town of Gereida. One estimate said that there are 120,000 refugees in the Gereida area.

January 5, 2007: The AU said that it had received reports that Sudan Air Force aircraft had attacked the town of Bamina and Gadir in North Darfur state. There was no other information on the attacks. Typically, the Sudan Air Force uses ex-Soviet propeller transports as improvised (bombs pushed out the cargo door) bombers. The Sudan government, in a statement on January 9, said that it had attacked National Resistance Front (NRF) rebels in the area (ie, Bamina and Gadir). The NRF did not sign the May 5 Darfur peace agreement.


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