Mexico: Leftist Rebels on a Rampage


October 10, 2007: The government now believes the Popular Revolutionary Army (Ejercito Popular Revolucionario, or EPR) has decided to target the oil industry. Determining "why" they have targeted it is another problem. On one hand, there is the so-called "Chavez conspiracy theory". There are many people, particularly drug cartelistas and various leftist organizations who would love to "sidetrack" Felipe Calderon's government. Some local media are calling the EPR the "new" EPR. Why? The EPR now has a website, and calls itself the Partido Democrático Popular Revolucionario-Ejército Popular Revolucionario (Popular Revolutionary Democratic Party-Popular Revolutionary Army). Not surprisingly (given its Marxist roots), the PDRP-EPR portrays itself as a "socialist" and "proletarian movement." Despite the new letters, the EPR is by no means "new". In 1996 the EPR fought both the Mexican Army and various police detachments in six different states. In 1996 the government estimated that the EPR had 200 active fighters. It may have half as many today - one figure making the rounds is 100 guerrillas. In 2006 the EPR may have been responsible for an attack on the PRI's party headquarters in Mexico City, but there seems to be some debate about that attack. It got headlines but not a lot of reaction. There is no doubt about the EPR's responsibility for attacks in June, July, and September 2007. A hundred fighters attacking various police and military targets get headlines and rattle the Mexican people. Blowing up gas pipelines, however, damages the Mexican economy. Pipelines are simply a bigger bang than a bomb which blows up a police station. The September attacks forced authorities to evacuate around 20,000 people in the Veracruz region. The chaos puts political pressure on president Calderon-pressure that diverts his attention from the war on the cartelistas.

October 6, 2007: Soldiers in Tampico arrested eight drug smugglers after a shootout near Tampico's airport. The men were unloading cocaine from a tractor-trailer. The soldiers discovered ten tons of cocaine in an airport warehouse. The amount of cocaine recovered suggests several things. The first is that Tampico's local police aren't doing their job, which means rampant corruption. The second is that the military now has intelligence sources reliable enough to catch the Gulf Cartel "in the act" (Tampico is Gulf drug cartel turf).

September 29, 2007: The Popular Revolutionary Army (EPR) may be trying to forge a "united front" of guerrilla groups - or at least give the media the impression that it is. A "communiqué" has appeared attributed to the EPR that also includes at least four other "guerrilla organizations. The government believes these organizations are very small splinter groups, but they do have ties to the EPR's leaders. The four groups were identified as the Democratic Revolutionary Tendency-Army of the People (TDR-EP), the Revolutionary Movement of Lucio Cabañas Barrientos (MR-LCB), the May 1 Insurgent Organization (OI-1M) and the Execution Brigade of December 2nd (BA-2D). There are four other left-wing "splinter groups" that Mexican intelligence and various Mexican media believe are associated with the EPR: the Popular Revolutionary Democratic Party (PDPR); Revolutionary Army of the Insurgent People (ERPI); Revolutionary Armed Forces of the People (FARP); and Villista Revolutionary Army of the People (EVRP). These four groups and the EPR have leadership cadres that either trained with or were influenced by the Clandestine Revolutionary Workers Party (PROCUP), a 1960s-era "Marxist" organization.




Help Keep Us From Drying Up

We need your help! Our subscription base has slowly been dwindling.

Each month we count on your contribute. You can support us in the following ways:

  1. Make sure you spread the word about us. Two ways to do that are to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
  2. Subscribe to our daily newsletter. We’ll send the news to your email box, and you don’t have to come to the site unless you want to read columns or see photos.
  3. You can contribute to the health of StrategyPage.
Subscribe   contribute   Close