Ethiopia: Big Deal In Somalia


May 28, 2007: After thirty years, Ethiopia reopened its embassy in Mogadishu, Somalia. The only other foreign embassy in Mogadishu is the British one. However, British diplomatic personnel have been withdrawn from this embassy, because of the violence in the city. So the Ethiopian embassy opening is a big deal, as it is an attempt to restore diplomatic relations with a Somali government. May 23, 2007: Eritrea has become a meeting place for an entire range of Ethiopian opposition organizations and dissidents. It is also attracting dissidents from other nations in the region. For example, over 40 former members of Somalia's now-defunct Islamic Courts-led government are allegedly in Eritrea. The ONLF (Ogaden National Liberation Front. an anti-Ethiopian group) has a contingent inside Eritrea. The ONLF is fairly open about its operation. However, the Afar Revolutionary Democratic Unity front (ARDUF) remains obscure. Ethiopia contends that ARDUF took part in the kidnapping of several tourists and Ethiopians in Afar in March 2007. After the kidnapping took place, Ethiopia also suggested that Eritrea was involved, though Eritrea denied it. Ethiopia and Eritrea are locked in a slow war and it is common practice to finance and encourage the enemy's internal opponents.

May 16, 2007: Ethiopia said that it intends to withdraw its troops from Somalia as soon as African Union peacekeepers are in place. Originally, Ethiopia planned to withdraw most of its troops from Somalia by the end of March. That obviously didn't happen, though at least half of Ethiopia's invasion force has been pulled out of Mogadishu.. Ethiopia's Prime Minister Meles Zenawi was quoted as saying that "Ethiopian troops in Mogadishu will withdraw when the African Union peacekeepers arrive to support Ugandan forces…"

May 10, 2007: Ethiopia said that the UN had failed to hold Eritrea accountable for "undermining" the peace agreement and border determination deal. Specifically, Ethiopia said that the UN had not penalized Eritrea for failing to "cease hostilities." There is a lot of "half truth" and a little falsehood in Ethiopia's statement. The peace agreement was signed in June 2000 (Algiers agreement). In 2002 the boundary commission decided that Eritrea should receive the hotly disputed territory around the town of Badme. Ethiopia had agreed to live by the boundary commission's decision, but reneged. To say the situation turned tense is putting it mildly. During the Ethiopia-Eritrea border war of 1998-2000, at least 70,000 people died.


Article Archive

Ethiopia: Current 2013 2012 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005



Help Keep Us From Drying Up

We need your help! Our subscription base has slowly been dwindling.

Each month we count on your contributions. You can support us in the following ways:

  1. Make sure you spread the word about us. Two ways to do that are to like us on Facebook and follow us on Twitter.
  2. Subscribe to our daily newsletter. We’ll send the news to your email box, and you don’t have to come to the site unless you want to read columns or see photos.
  3. You can contribute to the health of StrategyPage.
Subscribe   Contribute   Close