2008: Uganda's internationally-directed mediation team issued a statement
designed to put pressure on the LRA's Joseph Kony. Negotiators said that Kony
"must" sign the peace agreement by the end of November 2008. However, the
mediation team did not say what would happen if Kony does not sign the
agreement. Congo and Uganda have indicated they would take combined military
action against the LRA. Of course, the LRA appears to have anticipated this.
LRA cadres are now operating in the Central African Republic. Will the demand
motivate Kony? He still faces arrest warrants issued by the International
Criminal Court. An LRA spokesman said on November 27 that Kony would sign it.
thousand more civilians have fled the Congo violence, and crossed into Uganda.
So far, about 15,000 refugees have arrived.
2008: While the Congo has numerous troubles already in eastern Congo, LRA raids
in Congo in September (which killed at least 200 people) have led to new
regional security talks between Uganda and the Congolese government. The
Government of South Sudan may also be involved. The Government of South Sudan
knows that the Sudan government (in Khartoum) has used the LRA as a "tool"
against Uganda. If trouble erupts between north and south Sudan the LRA could
be a "north Sudanese tool" for use against the south. A UN report described the
LRA attacks in Congo were "systematic." The LRA guerrillas abducted approximately a hundred Congolese children.
They also abducted children in a series of attacks in Sudan. This is an old LRA
tactic. The children was used to carry supplies. Over time they may become "LRA
2008: Since the Museveni government came to power in 1986 it has confronted
Uganda's traditional "north-south" divide. The war with the LRA in some ways
reflects this division. The LRA largely comes from the Acholi tribe in
northeastern Uganda. Museveni is a southerner. Museveni has, in the view of
northerners, favored southern tribal groups. This is one reason the
government's "recovery and reconciliation program" (part of the peace process with the LRA) has
focused on "reconstruction" efforts in northern Uganda. However, the
northerners aren't "sold" on the government's sincerity. The Ugandan press
makes that evident. This is one reason LRA die-hards refuse to surrender. They
think if they can hang on long enough, government reconciliation programs will
fail and the north will be ready to rebel again. This is why LRA senior
commander Joseph Kony still claims the LRA is fighting "against the
marginalization of the north" (ie, northern Uganda).