Money is overcoming
discipline in North Korea. In the last decade, the secret police have basically
abandoned trying to stop money transfers (especially from those who got out of
the country illegally) to North Koreans. Chinese brokers handle these deals,
taking 20-30 percent to cover their fee and the attendant bribes. The
police have also become more tolerant of prostitution, illegal taxis and luxury
restaurants (which sometimes offer girls on the side.) Much of the new vice is
for rich foreigners, but there are an increasing number of rich North Koreans
who can also afford to indulge themselves.
In the north, the annual monsoon rains were good
this year, and that led to a police crackdown on people watching foreign movies
and TV shows. Cheap CD and DVD players, and even cheaper (usually pirated) CDs
and DVDs, combined with more electricity (because of the heavy rains increasing
hydroelectric power) have been identified as a threat to the state. Police are
prowling neighborhoods when the juice is on (20 hours a day now in urban areas,
four in rural ones), listening for illegal entertainment. Violators have their
stuff seized (and later sold by the cops) and they are fined (with most of that
going to local officials). At the beginning of the year, there was only a few
hours of electricity a day for most people.
In a rare admission, North
Korea complained of food shortages, and the damage done by recent monsoon
rains. Flooding had made over 250,000 people homeless, and had killed or
injured over a thousand. Last years monsoon killed over 500 people and
destroyed over 17,000 homes and 1,200 commercial structures. But the
floods are only making the famine worse, and starvation is the larger threat.
The 1990s famine killed about ten percent of the population, and it appears
another famine, of similar proportions, is looming. The North Korean government
is asking for aid, something it rarely does. This may be in reaction to
the usual donors of food refusing to send anything. North Korea has a
reputation for diverting food aid to the armed forces and the black market. The
north has refused demands that food aid distribution be monitored by donor
organizations. So the food aid isn't coming, while the starvation increases.