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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
43BC Reni Conference: Octavian, Lepidus, & Antony form the Second Triumvirate, to plunder the state -- Learn More
602    Phocas proclaims himself Roman Emperor (602-610)
1095    Council of Clermont: Pope Urban II calls for a Crusade
1237    Battle of Cortenuova: Emperor Frederik II defeats the Lombard League
1382    Battle of Roosbecke: The French defeat the Flemings
1499    Cesare Borgia captures Imola, save for the citadel, which he besieges
1676    Great Fire of Boston, 46 houses burn
1789    President George Washington proclaims the last Thursday in November a day of prayer and thanksgiving
1798    Neapolitan Army occupies Rome, as the French fall back
1820    Palermo: Royalist troops crush a Nationalist uprising
1838    The Pastry War: French troops occupy Vera Cruz to collect alleged damages -- Learn More
1863    Battle of Payne's Farm, VA
1868    Battle of the Washita: Custer defeats the Cheyenne
1895    Alfred Nobel establishes his prizes
1901    Army War College established in Washington
1919    Peace of Neuilly-sur-Seine: Allies & Bulgaria
1926    Army & Navy play to a 21 tie before 110,000 fans
1941    HMAS 'Parramatta' is sunk off Tobruk by 'U-559'
1941    Joint Army-Navy signal to senior commanders in the Pacific ends with, "This dispatch is to be considered a war warning," and CNO adds to CINCUS Kimmel "an agressive move by Japan is expected within the next few days" -- Learn More
1941    Operation Crusader: British troops break the seven month Axis siege of Tobruk
1942    The French Navy scuttles its ships at Toulon to prevent Nazis from capturing them
1943    Teheran Conference: Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin talk strategy
1944    B-29s based in the Marianas raid Tokyo , while others based in India bomb Bangkok.
1951    First successful surface-to-air missile test, White Sands
1958    USSR abrogates Allied war-time agreements on control of Germany
1965    c. 20,000 anti-war demonstrators gather in Washington
1970    Attempted assassination of Pope Paul VI, in Manila
1989    Narco-terrorists bomb Colombian airliner, 107 die

BORN
111    Antinous, eromenos of the Emperor Hadrian, d. 130
1808    Hugh Weedon Mercer, Brig Gen, C.S.A., d. 1877
1874    Chaim Weizmann, first President of Israel (1949-1952), died in office
1887    Masaharu Homma, Japanese general, conqueror of the Philippines, executed, 1946
1907    L. Sprague de Camp, naval officer, wargamer, author, d. 2000 -- Learn More
1952    James D Wetherbee, USN, astronaut (STS 32, 52)

DIED
8BC Quintus Horatius Flaccus, Horace, 53, soldier, poet, satirist -- Learn More
511    Clovis, the first King of the Franks (481-511), c. 46
602    Flavius Mauricius Tiberius Augustus -- Maurice, 63, soldier, author ("The Strategikon"), East Roman Emperor (582-602), beheaded after witnessing the execution of his six sons, by the usurper Phocas at Chalcedon
1198    Queen Constance of Sicily (1194-1198), 44, wife to HRE Henry VI, mother to HRE Frederick II "Stupor Mundi"
1868    Chief Black Kettle of the Cheyenne, c. 60, killed, Battle of the Washita
1895    Alexandre Dumas, fils, 71, rake, author (The Lady of the Camellias)