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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
324    Licinius, a prisoner of Constantine, abdicates as Roman Emperor (308-324)
546    King Totila of the Ostrogoths recaptures Rome from the Byzantines
1352    Etienne Aubert elected Pope as Innocent VI (1352-1362)
1774    Empress Maria Theresa expels the Jews from Bohemia & Moravia
1813    War of 1812: British take Ft Niagara
1861    Combat at Milford/Shawnee Mound, WVa
1916    Battle of Verdun ends, as the German abandon their 302 day effort to destroy the French Army
1941    British and Dutch troops occupy Portuguese Timor
1941    Japanese 38th Div lands on Hong Kong Island
1941    Japanese aircraft begin operating from strips in northern Luzon
1941    Japanese destroyer Shinonome mined and sunk off Borneo
1941    Malaya: British reorganize forces for further withdrawal
1942    'Albacore' (SS-219) sinks Japanese light cruiser 'Tenryu' near the Bismarcks
1942    Papua: U.S. and Australian troops begin a major assault on Sanananda
1943    Japanese air raids on Kunming, to halt Chinese advancing into Burma
1943    Stilwell given command of all Chinese forces in India and Burma
1944    Douglas MacArthur is promoted to five star rank as a General of the Army
1944    Hankow: c. 300 US aircraft raid Japanese positions
1944    Pacific Typhoon: DDs 'Hull', 'Spence', & 'Monaghan' sink, c. 800 die
1972    Operation Linebacker: US begins "Christmas bombing" of North Vietnam

BORN
1709    Tsarina Elizabeth of Russia (1741-1762)
1811    Alexander Sandor Asboth, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1868
1825    Charles Griffin, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1867
1826    John Mercer Brooke, C.S.N., naval engineer, gun founder, d. 1906
1835    George Dashiell Bayard, Brig Gen, U.S., KIA, 1862
1863    Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, k., Sarajevo, June 28, 1914
1878    Joseph Vissarionovich Dzejughashvili -- Stalin, mass murderer, d. 1953
1913    Willy Brandt, sometime mayor of Berlin, Chancellor of Germany, 1971 Peace Nobelist, d. 1992
1921    Hans Trefousse, historian ("Ben Butler"), sometime GI -- Learn More

DIED
1290    King Magnus I/III Barnlock of Sweden (1277-90), c. 50
1476    Prince Vlad III "the Impaler" of Wallachia (1448, 1456-1462, 1476), c. 45
1495    King Alphonso II of Naples (Jan 25, 1494-Dec 18, 1495), 47 -- Learn More
1935    Juan Vicente Gómez, 78, general, President/Dictator of Venezuela (1908-1913, 1922-1929, & 1931-1935)
1980    Alexei Kosygin, Soviet premier (1964-1980), heart attack at 76