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TODAY IN MILITARY HISTORY
757    Acession of Pope Paul I (757-767), later canonized; the brother of Stephen II (752)
1478    The Pazzi attempt to assassinate the Medici at mass
1501    Cesare Borgia captures Faenza, besieged since Nov 7, 1500
1604    Battle of Blankenbergh: Spanish defeat the Dutch
1607    English colonists land at Cape Henry, Va
1654    The Spanish expell Jews from Brazil
1655    The Dutch permit Jews to settle in Nieuw Amsterdam
1777    Sybil Ludington, 16, makes a daring ride to alert Connecticut militiamen of a British raid
1805    Cyrus Eaton, the proverbial "few Marines", one USN medic, and some mercs storm Derna, Libya
1814    King Louis XVIII lands at Calais, from exile in England
1846    Mexican War: Mexicans beat U.S. Dragoons at Rancho Carricitos, Tx
1859    Lombardy-Venetia War: Piedmont rejects Austria's ultimatum to disarm and declares war; France mobilizes in support
1861    Joseph E. Johnston resigns his commission in the U.S. Army, to go South [See 1865]
1865    Battle of Durham Station/Greensboro, NC
1865    Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
1865    Confederate Gen Joseph E Johnston surrenders the Army of Tennessee, Durham, NC
1913    China: Sun Yat San revolts against Pres Yuan Shikai
1926    Germany & Russia sign neutrality & friendship treaty
1933    Jewish students are barred from school in Germany
1937    Luftwaffe bombs Guernica, Spain, 200-400 die
1938    Austrian Jews required to register property above 5,000 Reichsmarks
1941    Nazis ration potatoes in Holland
1943    Attu: U.S. ships shell Japanese positions.
1943    German sub 'U-180' transfers Indian radical Subhas Chandra Bose to Japanese sub 'I-29' in the Indian Ocean.
1944    First attack by Japanese fighters on B-29s, one fighter shot down
1944    New Guinea: Australians take Alexishafen as Americans take the airfield at Hollandia
1944    Allied troops begin concentrating at assembly areas in Britain for D-Day
1945    Okinawa: Japanese resistance intensifies, halting U.S. offensive
1952    USS 'Hobson' (DD-464) accidentally rams carrier 'Wasp' (CV-18), 176 die
1959    Cuban-sponsored guerrillas invade Panama
1961    Collapse of Raoul Salan's coup against the French Fifth Republic under Pres. De Gaulle
1962    Lockheed A-12 flies for first time
1968    US underground nuclear test, "Boxcar", one megaton device
1982    The Falklands War: Argentine forces on South Georgia I. surrender to the British
1986    A fire devastates the nuclear power plant at Chernobyl, Ukraine

BORN
121    Marcus Aurelius, soldier-philosopher, Roman Emperor (161-180)
570    Mohammed, by the Shi'a chronology
1228    Conrad von Honenstaufen, d. 1254, King Conrad II of Jerusalem,(1228-1254), IV of Germany (1237-1254), & I of Sicily (1250-1254).
1319    King Jean II "the Good" of France (1350-64), royal chucklehead -- Learn More
1573    Marie de'Medici, Mrs. Henri IV of France, who taught the French to cook, d. 1642
1648    King Pedro II of Portugal (1683-1706)
1718    Esek Hopkins, Commodore, Continental Navy (1775-1783), d. 1802.
1798    Ferdinand Victor Eugène Delacroix, French Romantic artist ("The Massacre of Chios", etc), d. 1862
1812    Alfried Felix Alwyn Krupp, German arms merchant, d. 1887
1827    Charles Edward Hovey, Brig Gen, U.S., d. 1897
1893    Dragoljub "Dra?a" Mihailovic, Serbian soldier, leader of the Yugoslav Chetniks in WW II, executed 1946
1894    Rudolph Hess, Nazi, suicide in prison, 1987

DIED
757    Pope Stephen II (752-757)
1196    King Alfonso II of Aragon (1162-96), c. 39
1478    Giuliano de' Medici, c. 28, assassinated by the Pazzi while at mass, and Francesco Pazzi, Jacopo de' Pazzi, & Cardinal Francesco Salviati lynched by the Florentines for murdering him
1489    Ashikaga Yoshihisa, 24, Ashikaga Shogun of Japan (1473-1489), while on campaign
1538    Diego de Almagro (c. 63), Conquistador, executed by Pizzarro
1865    John Wilkes Booth, 27, hearth trhob, assassin, shot trying to avoid arrest
1881    Ludwig Samson Arthur Freiherr von und zu der Tann-Rathsamhausen, 65, Bavarian soldier, German Field Marshal
1998    Monsignor Juan José Gerardi Conedera, 75, Auxiliary Bishop of Guatemala, Roman Catholic human rights advocate, murdered by right wing radicals
2004    Gunther Rothenberg, military historian, b. 1923