46BC Day 4 of Caesar's Triumph, for the defeat of Numidia
1014    Battle of Cledon/Clidium/Kleidion/Bala Thistau/Belasitsa: Byzantine Emperor Basil II defeats the Bulgars, blinds 15,000 prisoners
1030    Battle of Stiklestad: Norwegian Christians triumph over pagans, in a fight punctuated by a solar eclipse
1187    Saladin captures Sidon
1364    Battle of Cascina: The Florentines under Galeotto Malatesta defeat the Pisans under John Hawkwood
1693    Battle of Neerwinden: The French defeat the English & Dutch
1813    Battle of Sorauren, Day 2: Anglo-Spanish v. the French (ends 30th)
1846    Landing party off USS 'Cyane' captures San Diego
1874    Maj. Walter Copton Wingfield patents a portable tennis court
1910    The Slocum Massacre: c. 300 white racists slaughter dozens of black Americans in east Texas
1915    A briefcase with German sabotage plans is found on the IRT subway in NYC
1918    First meeting between FDR & Winston Churchill, Gray's Inn, London
1937    China Incident: Japanese troops occupy Peking & Tientsin
1942    Buna: Japanese land reinforcements, despite losses to Allied a/c
1942    Japanese retake Kokoda from the Australians, who fall back on Deniki
1943    New Guinea: 43rd Div Cdr relieved, as his troops press on slowly.
1944    Marines take Orote airstrip on Guam against fierce Japanese resistance
1945    U.S. warships shell naval and air bases on Honshu.
1949    Berlin Airlift ends, as Soviets end blockade
1953    Soviets shoot down US patrol bomber northeast of Vladivostok
1967    Fire aboard USS 'Forrestal' (CV-59), Gulf of Tonkin, 134 die
1975    Military coup ousts Nigerian President/Dictaor Yakubu Gowon (1966-1975)

1166    Henry II, Count of Champagne (1181-1197), Crusader, King Henri I of Jerusalem (1192-1197), d. 1197
1765    Jean-Baptiste Drouet, Napoleonic general, Royalist marshal, d. 1844 -- Learn More
1805    Alexis Henri Charles Clérel, vicomte de Tocqueville, historian and political thinker ("Democracy in America"), d. 1859
1817    James Blair Steedman, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1883
1830    Alvan Cullem Gillem, Maj Gen, U.S., d. 1875
1883    Benito Mussolini, journalist, soldier, politician, Prime Minister/Dictator of Italy (1922-1945), k. 1945 - Learn More
1905    Dag Hammerskjold, Secretary General (1953-1961), Peace Nobelist (1961)
1958    The National Aeronautics and Space Admistration

238    Roman Co-Emperors Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus (c. 60) & Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus (c. 72) (Apr 22-July 29, 238), hacked to pieces in the Castra Praetoria
1030    St. Olaf II Haraldsson, 35, erstwhile King of Norway (1015-1028), kia Stiklestad
1095    St. Ladislaus I, King of Hungary (1077-1095), c. 55
1099    Pope Bl Urban II - Odo of Lagery (1088-1099), c. 57, shortly after initiating the First Crusade
1108    Philip I "the Amorous", 56, King of the Franks (1060- 1108)
1644    Pope Urban VIII - Maffeo Barberini (1623-1644), 76
1857    Prince Charles Bonaparte of Canino, at 54
1900    King Umberto I of Italy (1878-1900), 56, assassinated by Gaetano Bresci
2011    John Cullen, 90, former Coastguardsman who caught the Nazi saboteurs on a Long Island beach in 1942