0    ANZAC Day --
404BC BC - Athens surrenders to Sparta, ending the Peloponnesian War (431-404 BC)
1283    Siege of Bere Castle: The English defeat the Welsh
1464    War of the Roses - Battle of Hedgeley Moor: Marquess of Montague's Yorkists defeat the Duke of Somerset's Lancastrians
1591    The Moroccans take Timbuktu
1607    Battle of Gibraltar Bay: the Dutch fleet defeats the Spanish & Portuguese
1626    Battle of the Dessauer Bridge: Albrecht von Wallenstein defeats Graf von Mansfeld
1707    Battle of Almansa: Borbonists defeat the Hapsburgists to secure the control of Spain
1792    First execution by guillotine in France
1861    7th NY & 8th Massachusetts arrive in Washington
1861    Battle of Lavaca, TX
1861    Pvt Samuel Young enlists, to retire Jan 9, 1904, as Lt Gen.
1862    Farragut occupies New Orleans, La
1864    Battle of Marks' Mill, Arkansas (Camden Expedition)
1875    Combat on the Pecos: Lt. John L. Bullis and Black Seminole Indian Scouts SGT John Ward, Trumpeter Isaac Payne, & PVT Pompey Factor rout c. 25-30 Lipan Indian raiders, for which the Scouts are awarded the Medal of Honor
1881    250,000 sign petitions to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
1914    First USN air combat mission: Lt. Patrick Bellinger conducts a reconnaissance over Veracruz, receiving some damage from machine gun fire.
1915    Gallipoli Campaign: 78,000 British & ANZAC troops undertake an amphibious landing -- Learn More
1925    Paul von Hindenburg becomes president of Germany (1925-1934)
1926    Coronation of Reza Pahlavi as Shah of Persia (1925-1941)
1927    Spain sends 20,000 reinforcements to Morocco to battle the Riffian Rebels
1942    Burma: Chinese troops fail to the halt Japanese before Lashio.
1942    Doolittle Mission: CVs Hornet & Enterprise return to Pearl Harbor
1944    New Britain: 1st Marine Div relieved by the 40th Infantry Div
1945    First UN Session: 45 countries convene in San Francisco
1945    Japanese rout Chinese forces at Wuking.
1945    Last Boeing B-17 attack against Nazi Germany
1945    The Red Army completely surrounds Berlin
1945    US & Soviet forces meet at Torgau on the Elbe River
1951    Korean War: After an heroic four day defense of Hill 235, 39 survivors of the Gloucestershire Regiment reach safety
1960    USS Triton completes first submerged circumnavigation of the globe
1962    Christmas Island: US resumes above ground nuclear testing
1974    Portuguese strongman Antonio Salazar (1932-1974) ousted
1975    Stockholm: Terrorist attack on the West German embassy
1982    Israel completes Sinai withdrawal, in accordance with Camp David accords
1993    Boris Yeltsin elected President of Russia (1993-1999)

1214    King Louis IX of France (1226-70) - "Saint Louis"
1228    Holy Roman Emperor Conrad IV (1237-54)
1284    King Edward II of England (1307-27)
1599    Oliver Cromwell, "Lord Protector" of England (1653-58), d. 1658, general, dictator, & genocider
1725    Admiral Viscount Augustus Keppel, RN (1726-1786)
1840    James Dearing, Brig Gen, C.S.A., the last Confederate general kia, 1865
1914    Marcos Perez Jimenez, general, dictator of Venezuela (1952-1958), d. 2001

1295    King Sancho IV ?the Brave? Castille & Leon (1287-1295), c. 38
1553    Fabio Malvizzi, Patrician of Bologna, executed
1607    Adm. Don Juan Álvarez de Ávila, of Spain, drowned, Battle of Gibraltar
1607    Jacob van Heemskerck, 40, Dutch admiral, cannon balled, Battle of Gibraltar
1644    Emperor Chongzhen of China (1627-1644), 33, the last Ming, suicide
1792    Nicolas Jacques Pelletier, Fench highwayman, the first man to date Mdm. Guillotine
1928    Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel, 49, Russian "White" general