|These facts will shut those, criticizing women rights in Pakistan, without knowing the reality.
Pakistan gives a representation of greater than 30% for women, whereas 67 countries, including India, had a representation of less than 10%.
The global average for women parliamentarians is 15.8%, with the Americas having a representation of 18.8%, way behind the same figure for Nordic countries. Europe’s parliaments (excluding Nordic countries) have 16.9% women with sub-Saharan Africa matching the global average of 15.8% and Asia (15.2%) being next in line.
Arab countries, in some of which women cannot stand for elections, have the lowest representation of 8.8%. Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Bahrain are among the 10 countries with no women parliamentarian.
Pakistan is the undisputed leader amongst its South Asian counterparts. But India does much better than Nepal (5.9%) or Sri Lanka and Bangladesh, both having a sub-5% representation of women. While culture can be an explanation for some of these figures, it cannot explain why countries like the United States (15.2%), Britain (19.7%), France (12.2%) which rank high on gender equality index are comparatively low in terms of political representation.
Again, Russia and Japan do quite badly, ranked 118th and 139th respectively, while China does reasonably well, sneaking into the top 50 with a 20.2% representation. Iraq is the numero uno Islamic country with its parliament comprising 31.5% women members.
Syria (12%) and Indonesia (11.3%) are some other Islamic countries having a decent representation. Most European nations have a system whereby parties voluntarily decide to have a minimum proportion of women candidates contesting elections.
For instance, all three major political parties in Sweden have a minimum 50% representation for women, while in some other countries, this number is 40% or at times 33%. In South Africa, the African National Congress (ANC) placed a third of its women on the national party list to contest elections.