Well no time like the present, besides I realize Marines and others are on patrols and fighting for their life’s thus my advice take a look.
This information has never been published except on my blog that has only one follower.
I ALSO REMIND EVERYONE THAT I DO NOT CLAIM EVERYTHING WRITTEN HERE ESPECIALLY MEDICAL OR MATH INFORMATION OR TABLES ETC ARE A FACT USE INFO AT YOU OWN DISCRETION.
Conduct of engagements
1) Flash report:
This is individuals or units checking in with superiors, if things just don’t seem right. Something out of the ordinary happens. First signs of trouble i.e. spotting the enemy or especially if shooting starts. This is so no one gets wiped out with out someone knowing something about situation, waiting to hear from you or sending help. In jungle thick wet vegetation muffles sound greatly contact up front or with point man may not be heard by entire unit. Hence word well have to be passed back down the line i.e. members well sound off (CONTACT). With gunfire during MOUT, one shot maybe thought of as a backfire two or three is gunfire.
Pre- attack warning signs: lack of activity by locals, lights being out especially when no children are playing. “We call it the absence of the normal and the presence of the abnormal.” Running over rocks thinking it was enemy fire.
These pre-attack warning signs could also include,
Post attack signatures: spent castings, impact marks (maybe chipped bark on a tree) or bullet holes, downed vegetation/leaves, blood, drag marks indicating removal of the WIA or KIA. Fighting holes i.e. (hastily prepared sites) scorch marks on sand bags, walls or ground, this from muzzle flash. Shadows forming long dark streaks in snow along firing lanes, extending out from fighting holes. Ice fogs accrue at – 20 degrees or below, this is rounds crystallize water vapor in the air, and forming a contrail like streak along the rounds trajectory. Will remain under still conditions for up to (30) minutes. Contrails from mortar and rocket rounds too.
Beyond 400 yards flak jacket and helmets make impacts non-fatal or harmless. Interceptor vest cons; Marines don’t know they’ve been hit i.e. fired upon. Impact trauma i.e. damage to surface allowed by test, a maximum of 44mm/2” diameter. Bullet flattened and twisted out of shape, meaning it has been ricocheted off of something.
Immediate action: with first shots unit leader dose a row call, inquires about injuries with in the unit. Ideally, he would just receive this info without having to inquire about it. British using T-1 – 3 i.e. levels of seriousness with WIA, T – 4 is a KIA. Depending on the foe’s range for one thing, IMO it would be best to make the most of, sign language i.e. hand signals to keep from revealing numbers and everyone’s locations to the foe. This would require word being passed along by others as everyone might not be visible to unit leader. Thus terrain, darkness or other visual difficulties may require sounding off with information especially “medic” i.e. with urgency for care.
Any Marine who has seen the enemy, reports information simply as (who) including numbers of persons and weapons or equipment observed at a minimum. Examples; one person maybe described in the fallowing way, start by height “6 foot, 180 lbs, fallowed by hair and eyes if noted. Ideally, you maybe able to compare the subject to a well known actor or actress. Red on blue, pistol in right hand, flash light left hand. Meaning that the one you saw is about 6 foot tall, 180 lbs, etc wearing a red blouse and blue trousers etc. If you see a group, you might say four, fallowed by as many individual descriptions as you can note in the above mentioned manor. (What) running, taking up position. In addition, (where) reference i.e. east side of building or carnal i.e. south of unit, clock face i.e. two o’clock, degrees/mills, it also maybe necessary to give range etc. Here when, why, and how are for the politicians to decide (LOL) i.e. IMO not necessary to use or define here.
Attack commands; aka, Fire Commands, the British use the term Quick battle orders (QBO). There are three parts with sub sections as fallows. Part one, Designation; (Who) example rifleman, Grenadier. Part two, Description; (What) describes target or action to be taken by unit member i.e. rush, fallowed by (Where) location again expressed as cardinal, clock face i.e. two o’clock or in degrees/mills fallowed by the range. Note with action to be taken, Example; rushes direction and range would be to the next desired location. Part three, Orders; (How) i.e. with automatic, semi and or with what type of ammo, HE, AP, tracers or fuse setting. Keep in mind that if Mark-19 rounds are striking a target, which other weapons could engage and take out, something is wrong. Mark-19 ammunition is bulky and should not be used when other weapons can do the same job. Continuing with Orders next comes (When) i.e. on my command or fire/loose at well, Igni