How does the US Army train? Here is FM 7-0, which describes how it is done.
Link to download entire manual: FM 7-0 Training the Force
Preface - Training the Force
The U. S. Army exists for one reason—to serve the Nation. From the earliest days of its creation,
the Army has embodied and defended the American way of life and its constitutional system
of government. It will continue to answer the call to fight and win our Nation’s wars, whenever
and wherever they may occur. That is the Army’s non-negotiable contract with the American
The Army will do whatever the Nation asks it to do, from decisively winning wars to promoting
and keeping the peace. To this end, the Army must be strategically responsive and ready to be
dominant at every point across the full spectrum of military operations.
Today, the Army must meet the challenge of a wider range of threats and a more complex set of
operating environments while incorporating new and diverse technology. The Army meets these
challenges through its core competencies: Shape the Security Environment, Prompt Response,
Mobilize the Army, Forcible Entry Operations, Sustained Land Dominance and Support Civil
Authorities. We must maintain combat readiness as our primary focus while transitioning to a
more agile, versatile, lethal, and survivable Army.
Doctrine represents a professional army’s collective thinking about how it intends to fight, train,
equip, and modernize. When the first edition of FM 25-100, Training the Force, was published
in 1988, it represented a revolution in the way the Army trains. The doctrine articulated by FMs
25-100, Training the Force, and 25-101, Battle Focused Training, has served the Army well.
These enduring principles of training remain sound; much of the content of these manuals remains
valid for both today and well into the future. FM 7-0 updates FM 25-100 to our current
operational environment and will soon be followed by FM 7-1, which will update FM 25-101.
FM 7-0 is the Army’s capstone training doctrine and is applicable to all units, at all levels, and in
all components. While the examples in this manual are principally focused at division and below,
FM 7-0 provides the essential fundamentals for all individual, leader, and unit training.
Training for warfighting is our number one priority in peace and in war. Warfighting readiness
is derived from tactical and technical competence and confidence. Competence relates to the
ability to fight our doctrine through tactical and technical execution. Confidence is the individual
and collective belief that we can do all things better than the adversary and the unit possesses
the trust and will to accomplish the mission.
FM 7-0 provides the training and leader development methodology that forms the foundation for
developing competent and confident soldiers and units that will win decisively in any environment.
Training is the means to achieve tactical and technical competence for specific tasks, conditions,
and standards. Leader Development is the deliberate, continuous, sequential, and progressive
process, based on Army values, that develops soldiers and civilians into competent and
confident leaders capable of decisive action.
Closing the gap between training, leader development, and battlefield performance has always
been the critical challenge for any army. Overcoming this challenge requires achieving the
correct balance between training management and training execution. Training management
focuses leaders on the science of training in terms of resource efficiencies (such as people, time,
and ammunition) measured against tasks and standards. Training execution focuses leaders on
the art of leadership to develop trust, will, and teamwork under varying conditions—intangibles
that must be developed to win decisively in combat. Leaders integrate this science and art to
identify the right tasks, conditions, and standards in training, foster unit will and spirit, and
then adapt to the battlefield to win decisively.
FM 7-0 provides the Training Management Cycle and the necessary guidelines on how to plan,
execute, and assess training and leader development. Understanding “How the Army Trains the
Army” to fight is key to successful joint, interagency, multinational (JIM), and combined arms
operations. Effective training leads to units that execute the Army’s core competencies and capabilities.
All leaders are trainers! This manual is designed for leaders at every level and in every type of
organization in the Army.
Link to download entire manual: FM-07 Training the Force