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What Weapons of Mass Destruction Evidence Have We Found In Iraq? Excerpts from David Kay's Report
by Dan Masterson
October 4, 2003
If your where to listen to the talking heads on the various mainstream media outlets, or read the commentary and reporting in the mainstream newspaper, it would seem that Saddam had repented of his previous weapons of mass destruction sins and had begun to emulate the life of Mahatma Ghandi.
The following are excerpts from David Kay’s testimony to the House and Senate Committees. They may not have found a “Fat Man” sitting in Saddam’s kitchen (neither Saddam or a nuclear bomb) but they have found some fairly scary things. Read on and decide yourself. Also, at the bottom of the page there are photographs of some of the evidence that has been found or destroyed.
Why are we having such difficulty in finding
weapons or in reaching a
confident conclusion that they do not exist or that they once existed but have
been removed? Our search efforts are being hindered by six principal
- From birth all of Iraq's WMD activities were highly compartmentalized within
a regime that ruled and kept its secrets through fear and terror and with
deception and denial built into each program;
- Deliberate dispersal and destruction of material and documentation related
to weapons programs began pre-conflict and ran trans-to-post conflict;
- Post-OIF looting destroyed or dispersed important and easily collectable
material and forensic evidence concerning Iraq's WMD program. As the report
covers in detail, significant elements of this looting were carried out in a
systematic and deliberate manner, with the clear aim of concealing pre-OIF
activities of Saddam's regime;
- Some WMD personnel crossed borders in the pre/trans conflict period and may
have taken evidence and even weapons-related materials with them;
- Any actual WMD weapons or material is likely to be small in relation to the
total conventional armaments footprint and difficult to near impossible to
identify with normal search procedures. It is important to keep in mind that
even the bulkiest materials we are searching for, in the quantities we would
expect to find, can be concealed in spaces not much larger than a two car
- The environment in Iraq remains far from permissive
for our activities, with many Iraqis that we talk to reporting threats and
overt acts of intimidation and our own personnel being the subject of threats
and attacks. In September alone we have had three attacks on ISG facilities or
teams: The ISG base in Irbil was bombed and four staff injured, two very
seriously; a two person team had their vehicle blocked by gunmen and only
escaped by firing back through their own windshield; and on Wednesday, 24
September, the ISG Headquarters in Baghdad again was subject to mortar attack.
... We have discovered dozens of WMD-related
program activities and significant amounts of equipment
that Iraq concealed from the United Nations during the
inspections that began in late 2002. The discovery of these deliberate
concealment efforts have come about both through the admissions of Iraqi
scientists and officials concerning information they deliberately withheld and
through physical evidence of equipment and activities that ISG has discovered
that should have been declared to the UN. Let me just give you a few examples of
these concealment efforts, some of which I will elaborate on later:
- A clandestine network of laboratories and safehouses within the Iraqi
Intelligence Service that contained equipment subject to UN monitoring and
suitable for continuing CBW research.
- A prison laboratory complex, possibly used in human testing of BW agents,
that Iraqi officials working to prepare for UN inspections were explicitly
ordered not to declare to the UN.
- Reference strains of biological organisms concealed in a scientist's home,
one of which can be used to produce biological weapons.
- New research on BW-applicable agents, Brucella and Congo Crimean Hemorrhagic
Fever (CCHF), and continuing work on ricin and aflatoxin were not declared to
- Documents and equipment, hidden in scientists' homes, that would have been
useful in resuming uranium enrichment by centrifuge and electromagnetic isotope
- A line of UAVs not fully declared at an undeclared production facility and
an admission that they had tested one of their declared UAVs out to a range of
500 km, 350 km beyond the permissible limit.
- Continuing covert capability to manufacture fuel propellant useful only for
prohibited SCUD variant missiles, a capability that was maintained at least
until the end of 2001 and that cooperating Iraqi scientists have said they were
told to conceal from the UN.
- Plans and advanced design work for new long-range missiles with ranges up to
at least 1000 km - well beyond the 150 km range limit imposed by the UN.
Missiles of a 1000 km range would have allowed Iraq to threaten targets through
out the Middle East, including Ankara, Cairo, and Abu Dhabi.
- Clandestine attempts between late-1999 and 2002 to obtain from North Korea
technology related to 1,300 km range ballistic missiles --probably the No Dong
-- 300 km range anti-ship cruise missiles, and other prohibited military
In addition to the discovery of extensive concealment efforts, we have been
faced with a systematic sanitization of documentary and computer evidence in a
wide range of offices, laboratories, and companies suspected of WMD work. The
pattern of these efforts to erase evidence - hard drives destroyed, specific
files burned, equipment cleaned of all traces of use - are ones of deliberate,
rather than random, acts. For example,
- On 10 July 2003 an ISG team exploited the Revolutionary Command Council
(RCC) Headquarters in Baghdad. The basement of the main building contained an
archive of documents situated on well-organized rows of metal shelving. The
basement suffered no fire damage despite the total destruction of the upper
floors from coalition air strikes. Upon arrival the exploitation team
encountered small piles of ash where individual documents or binders of
documents were intentionally destroyed. Computer hard drives had been
deliberately destroyed. Computers would have had financial value to a random
looter; their destruction, rather than removal for resale or reuse, indicates a
targeted effort to prevent Coalition forces from gaining access to their
- All IIS laboratories visited by IIS exploitation teams have been clearly
sanitized, including removal of much equipment, shredding and burning of
documents, and even the removal of nameplates from office doors.
- Although much of the deliberate destruction and sanitization of documents
and records probably occurred during the height of OIF combat operations,
indications of significant continuing destruction efforts have been found after
the end of major combat operations, including entry in May 2003 of the locked
gated vaults of the Ba'ath party intelligence building in Baghdad and highly
selective destruction of computer hard drives and data storage equipment along
with the burning of a small number of specific binders that appear to have
contained financial and intelligence records, and in July 2003 a site
exploitation team at the Abu Ghurayb Prison found one pile of the smoldering
ashes from documents that was still warm to the touch.
Following are photographs of some of the goodies that have been found.
Vials: A total of 97 vials-including those with labels
consistent with the al Hakam cover stories of single-cell protein and
biopesticides, as well as strains that could be used to produce BW agents-were
recovered from a scientist's residence.
Lab Equipment From Mosque.
Burned Documents Found at SAAD Center: An exploitation team on
a recent mission to the SAAD Center, part of the Baghdad New Nuclear Design
Center, found massive looting and the remnants of deliberately destroyed
documents. Other documents were left untouched, however, and recovered by the
Storage room in basement of Revolutionary Command Council
Headquarters. Burned frames of PC workstations visible on shelves. All rooms
sharing walls with this storage room were untouched from fire or battle damage.