2008: Turkey has selected a new assault rifle, choosing one that the U.S. Army
rejected, but that the U.S. Army Special Forces (and the rest of SOCOM) have
adopted. The new rifle is a slightly modified version of the HK 416. This
weapon is basically the U.S. M4 assault rifle, with some of the components from
the U.S. Army XM8 assault rifle (also rejected by the army). The new Turkish
rifle will be called the Mehmetçik-1. It's manufactured with the cooperation of
the German firm Heckler & Koch (HK).
2005, the U.S. Army's design for a new assault rifle, the XM8, was cancelled.
But the manufacturer incorporated one of the key components of the XM8, into M4
rifles, and produced a hybrid, the HK 416. Heckler & Koch (H&K)
designed the XM8, which was based on an earlier HK rifle, the G36. SOCOM is
using the 416, but no one else is (except for a few police departments, and now
The XM8 had
one major advantage over the M16. The XM8 (like the G36 and 416) uses a
short-stroke piston system. The M16s uses gas-tube system, which results in
carbon being blown back into the chamber. That leads to carbon build up, which
results in jams (rounds getting stuck in the chamber, and the weapon unable to
fire.). The short-stroke system also does not expose parts of the rifle to
extremely hot gases (which wears out components more quickly). As a result,
rifles using the short-stroke system, rather than the gas-tube, are more
reliable, easier to maintain and last longer.
the 416, for SOCOM, at the same time the XM8 was being evaluated by the army.
SOCOM got the first 416s in 2004, a year before the army cancelled the XM8. The
416 looks like the M4, for the only thing that has changed is the gas system (that
automatically extracts the cartridge after the bullet has been fired, and loads
the next round.) SOCOM can buy pretty much whatever they want, the U.S. Army
cannot. SOCOM listens to what its troops want, the army often doesn't.
tested 9,000 of the Mehmetçik-1's (built by local firm MKE) first, and the
troops liked the weapon. Production is being increased, and the transition will
begin next year. The Mehmetçik-1 is your basic 8 pound, 5.56mm weapon, with
mounting rails for scopes, a hand grip forward of the magazine and using 30