2008: Spain is arming its largest
warships with long range weapons it had long insisted it would never use. Maybe
not, but Spain is buying 20 U.S. RGM-109E Block IV Surface Ship Vertical
Launched Tomahawk Land Attack Missiles, plus five sets of control equipment.
Spain will use the Tomahawks in its four F-100 class frigates. This Tomahawk weighs 1.2 ton, is 18 feet long,
has a range 1,600 kilometers, getting there at a speed of 600-900 kilometers an
hour, flying at an altitude of 50-100 feet and propelled by a jet engine
generating only 600 pounds of thrust. Accuracy is on a par with JDAM (about 30
ton F100 frigates have Aegis radar systems (controlling Standard and Sea
Sparrow missiles), and 48 Mark-41 vertical launch cells for missiles. The ships
also carry eight Harpoon anti-ship missiles, a 127mm gun, and a short-range
anti-missile defense system. Each F-100 costs about half a billion dollars. These
ships entered service between 2002-2006. The F-100s could also be equipped to
use the anti-missile version of the Standard missile, but Spain has denied any
interest in that, so far.