Surface Forces: Russia Aims To Be Number Two


p> August 3, 2007: The head of Russia's navy announced a new building plan that would, in twenty years, make the Russian fleet the world's second largest navy. Apparently a force of about a hundred ships is being planned, to include forty or more nuclear subs, six aircraft carriers and at least fifty newly built surface ships. To that end, $46 billion has been allocated for ship building over the next eight years. It's only in the last few years that many warship building projects have been resumed. New ship designs are being prepared for construction. Unlike Soviet era ships, the new ones will not be specialized, but, like most Western ships, will be multipurpose.


A large part of reviving old Soviet era building programs, is replacing ship building facilities that were lost to Russia when the Soviet Union broke up. As part of that process, whatever factories, military bases or weapons were in one of the 14 parts of the Soviet Union that became new countries, became a possession of the new country. Thus Ukraine inherited substantial warship building facilities, as well as factories that produced many warship components. Russia has built new yards and factories to provide all the components and shipbuilding facilities needed for this new building program. At the same time, most of these ship building yards are dual-purpose, and can produce civilian ships as well.


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